Oil palm plantations are the biggest GHG emitters in the farming sector.

Perkebunan kelapa sawit (deforestasi dan pembukaan lahan gambut) merupakan penyumbang terbesar emisi GHG sektor pertanian Indonesia.

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Based on data on Indonesian agriculture emissions issued by the FAO (2013), we can see (Figure) that the Indonesian agricultural sources of emission are enteric fermentation amounting to 13 percent, manure left on pasture 7 percent, synthetic fertilizers 12 percent, rice cultivation 39 percent, manure management5 percent, crop residues 3 percent, manure applied to soils 2 percent, cultivated organic soils 9 percent and burning crop residues 0 percent.

Based on this data, the biggest source of Indonesian farming GHG emissions is rice-cultivation activities (39 percent) and activities related to animal husbandry (27 percent) so that the two commodities contribute 66 percent of the Indonesian farming GHG. Meanwhile, oil palm can be ascertained as not the main farming GHG contributor in Indonesia.

Berdasarkan data-data emisi pertanian Indonesia yang dikeluarkan oleh FAO (2013), menunjukkan (Gambar) bahwa sumber GHG pertanian Indonesia berasal dari peternakan (enteric fermentation) sebesar 13 persen, kotoran ternak di padang penggembalaan (manure left on pasture) sebesar 7 persen, penggunaan pupuk pabrik (synthetic fertilizers) sebesar 12 persen, budidaya padi (rice cultivation) sebesar 39 persen, pengelolaan limbah ternak (manure management) sebesar 5 persen, limbah tanaman (crop residues) sebesar 3 persen, pemanfaatan pupuk kandang (manure applied to soils) sebesar 2 persen, pemanfaatan lahan gambut (cultivated organic soils) sebesar 19 persen dan pembakaran sisa tanaman (burning crop residues).

Berdasarkan data tersebut, sumber emisi GHG pertanian Indonesia terbesar adalah dari kegiatan pertanian padi (39 persen) dan kegiatan terkait peternakan (27 persen) sehingga kedua komoditas tersebut menyumbang 66 persen GHG pertanian Indonesia. Sedangkan komoditas perkebunan sawit dapat dipastikan bukan penyumbang GHG utama pertanian Indonesia.

Figure Indonesia’s farming GHG emission sources

Indonesia’s farming GHG emission sources

Source : FAO, 2013

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