Global climate change is an effect of global warming (IPCC, 1991; Soemarwoto, 1992; IEA, 2014). The rising amount of solar energy trapped in the Earth’s atmosphere leads to changes in global climate (Figure), like (1) rising evaporation, (2) warming/rising sea/ocean water temperature, (3) changes in the conditions of plants and animals and (4) melting snow and ice.
Combinations of the above-mentioned changes leads to various forms of global climate changes, such as the increasing rainfall, storms, droughts and fires, as well as climate anomalies. Different forms of climate change occur and are felt in each country of the world. Therefore, global climate change is not caused by oil palm plantations in Indonesia.