Oil palm plantations do not contribute to regional economic growth.

Perkebunan kelapa sawit tidak berkontribusi bagi pertumbuhan ekonomi daerah.

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A study by PASPI (2014) shows that the growth of crude palm oil production has a positive and significant impact on the growth of regional gross domestic product (RGDP) in palm oil production centers. Regional economic growth is even very responsive to an increase in palm oil production.  The increase in the production of palm oil has led to the greater growth in the regional economy than the CPO production (Figure 1).

Regions with oil palm plantations book higher economic growth than regions without oil palm plantations. Consequently, there is a sharp difference in the growth of RGDP between the palm oil centers and the non-palm oil centers (Figure 2).

Thus, the notion that oil palm plantations do not contribute to regional economic growth contravenes the existing facts. In contrast, the growth of oil palm plantations has significantly increased the economic growth of the oil palm centers at a higher rate compared to non-oil palm centers.

Hasil studi PASPI (2014) menunjukkan bahwa pertumbuhan produksi minyak sawit (CPO) berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap pertumbuhan Produk Domestik Regional Bruto (PDRB) daerah-daerah sentra sawit. Pertumbuhan ekonomi daerah bahkan sangat responsif terhadap peningkatan produksi minyak sawit. Peningkatan produksi minyak sawit menarik pertumbuhan ekonomi daerah yang lebih besar dari peningkatan produksi CPO (Gambar 1).

Perekonomian daerah-daerah yang dihela oleh pertumbuhan produksi minyak sawit tumbuh lebih cepat dibandingkan dengan daerah-daerah yang tidak dihela oleh pertumbuhan sentra sawit. Akibatnya terjadi perbedaan yang tajam dalam pertumbuhan PDRB antara daerah sentra sawit dibandingkan dengan daerah bukan sentra sawit (Gambar 2).

Dengan demikian, pandangan bahwa perkebunan kelapa sawit tidak berkontribusi dalam pertumbuhan ekonomi daerah tidak sesuai dengan kenyataan/fakta yang ada. Sebaliknya, pertumbuhan produksi perkebunan kelapa sawit justru secara signifikan meningkatkan pertumbuhan ekonomi daerah-daerah sentra sawit dengan laju yang lebih tinggi dibanding dengan daerah bukan sentra sawit.

Figure 1. Impact of CPO production on regional gross domestic product

Impact of CPO production on regional gross domestic product

Source : PASPI, 2014

Figure 2. Comparison of non-oil and gas regional gross domestic product (RGDP) in oil palm centers and in non-oil palm centers

Comparison of non-oil and gas regional gross domestic product (RGDP) in oil palm centers and in non-oil palm centers

Source : PASPI, 2014

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