Plantation companies do not channel corporate social responsibility (CSR) funds to surrounding communities.

Perusahaan perkebunan tidak menyalurkan dana corporate social responsibility (CSR) kepada masyarakat sekitar.

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Plantation companies, in particular those that have been productive (FFB production), gradually also channel corporate CSR funds in various forms. In general, the channeling of CSR from oil palm plantation companies to the surrounding community is conducted in two forms: local SME development and the channeling of social, cultural and environmental assistance.

For the development of SMEs as carried out by the state-owned oil palm plantations, most assistance (Figure 1) is channeled to SMEs working in the trade sector (40 percent), followed by the service and agriculture sectors.

Regarding the channeling of CSR to the surrounding community (Figure 2), this is channeled for education and training (32 percent), public infrastructure (21 percent) and the rest for the construction of religious facilities, health services, nature conservation and disaster relief assistance.

In other words, some oil palm plantation companies have channeled CSR, although not all of them have done so. The size and scope of CSR by plantation companies, of course, varies depending on the scale of business and the stage of its development. Plantations that are still in the investment phase (immature crops) are still limited in channeling CSR.

Perusahaan-perusahaan perkebunan khususnya yang sudah menghasilkan (produksi TBS) secara bertahap juga melakukan penyaluran CSR perusahaan dalam berbagai bentuk. Secara umum, distribusi penyaluran CSR dari perusahaan perkebunan kelapa sawit kepada masyarakat sekitar dilakukan pada dua bentuk yakni pembinaan UKM lokal dan penyaluran bantuan sosial budaya dan lingkungan.

Untuk pembinaan UKM sebagaimana banyak dilakukan oleh BUMN perkebunan sawit, sebagian besar (Gambar 1) terdistribusi pada pembinaan UKM adalah sektor perdagangan (40 persen) kemudian diikuti oleh sektor jasa dan pertanian.

Untuk penyaluran CSR pada masyarakat sekitar (Gambar 2) terdistribusi pada pendidikan dan pelatihan (32 persen), sarana prasarana umum (21 persen) dan sisanya untuk pembangunan sarana ibadah, pelayanan kesehatan, pelestarian alam dan bantuan korban bencana alam.

Dengan kata lain sebagian perusahaan perkebunan kelapa sawit telah menyalurkan CSR, meskipun belum semua melaksanakannya. Besaran dan jangkauan CSR perusahaan perkebunan tentu saja berbeda-beda tergantung pada skala usaha dan tahap perkembangannya. Perkebunan yang masih pada fase investasi (tanaman belum menghasilkan) tentu masih terbatas dengan menyalurkan CSR.

Figure 1 Distribution of SME development through CSR of oil palm plantation companies in Indonesia

Distribution of SME development through CSR of oil palm plantation companies in Indonesia

Source : PASPI, 2014

Figure 2 Distribution of CSR of oil palm plantation companies in Indonesia

Distribution of CSR of oil palm plantation companies in Indonesia

Source : PASPI, 2014

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