Oil palm plantation is the main trigger of forest conversion into non-forest areas on Sulawesi Island.

Perkebunan kelapa sawit merupakan pemicu utama konversi hutan menjadi non hutan di Pulau Sulawesi.

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Sulawesi Island is actually not a major oil palm plantation center in Indonesia. The oil palm plantations on the island only covered 0.37 million hectares in 2015, only about 3 percent of the national oil palm plantation areas. The development of oil palm plantations on Sulawesi took place only after the era of logging on the island.

In 1950 there were 17.0 million ha of forest areas on Sulawesi. From 1950 to 1985, conversion of forests into non-forest areas reached 7.2 million ha (Figure), while oil palm plantations only covered 5,000 ha, 0.07 percent of the forest conversion areas.

Total conversion of forests into non-forest areas reached 7.8 million hectares by the year 2000, while the oil palm plantation areas increased only by 100,000 ha, 1.4 percent of the total conversion areas.

In other words, from 1950 to 2014, the accumulated area of forest converted into non-forests on Sulawesi reached 9.9 million ha, while the oil palm plantation areas on Sulawesi in the same period were only 400,000 ha, 3.5 percent of the total conversion accumulation. So the oil palm plantations are not the main trigger of the conversion of forests into non-forests on Sulawesi Island.

Pulau Sulawesi sesungguhnya bukanlah sentra utama perkebunan kelapa sawit Indonesia. Perkebunan kelapa sawit di Pulau Sulawesi ini, pada tahun 2015 baru mencapai 0,37 juta hektar atau hanya sekitar 3 persen dari luas kebun sawit nasional. Dan pengembangan kelapa sawit di Pulau Sulawesi datang belakangan setelah era logging berlangsung lebih dahulu.

Pada tahun 1950 luas hutan di Sulawesi adalah 17,0 juta ha. Dalam kurun waktu 1950-1985 luas akumulasi konversi hutan menjadi non hutan mencapai 7,2 juta hektar (Gambar). Sementara perkebunan sawit baru mencapai 0,005 juta hektar atau hanya 0,07 persen dari luas konversi tersebut.

Demikian juga luas akumulasi konversi hutan menjadi non hutan pada kurun waktu 1985-2000 yakni menjadi 7,8 juta ha. Sementara luas perkebunan sawit hanya naik 0,1 juta hektar atau hanya 1,4 persen dari luas akumulasi konversi tersebut.

Dengan kata lain, selama kurun waktu 1950-2014, luas akumulasi konversi hutan menjadi non hutan Sulawesi sebesar 9,9 juta ha. Sedangkan luas perkebunan sawit Sulawesi pada waktu yang sama hanya 0,4 juta hektar atau 3,5 persen dari total akumulasi konversi tersebut. Jadi, perkebunan kelapa sawit bukanlah pemicu utama konversi hutan menjadi non hutan di Pulau Sulawesi

Figure Oil palm plantations in land use change on Sulawesi Island

Oil palm plantations in land use change on Sulawesi Island

Source : Forestry Statistics, Oil Palm Plantation Statistics, processed data

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