The vitamin E content in palm oil is much lower than in other vegetable oils.

Kandungan vitamin E minyak sawit lebih rendah dari minyak nabati lain.

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Vitamin E is a nutrient essential for health. It has benefits as an antioxidant, an anti-aging agent, for skin health and fertility, is able to prevent atherosclerosis, is anti-cancer and can boost immune functions (Walton et al., 1980; Hirai et al., 1982; Sylvester et al., 1986; Cross, 1987; Sundram et al., 1989; Komiyama et al., 1989; Goh et al., 1985, 1994; Guthrie et al., 1993, 1995, 1997; Elson and Qureshi, 1995; Nasaretnam, 2008; Ng et al., 2009; Sen et al., 2010; Anggarwal et al., 2010; Nasaretnam and Meganathan, 2010; Gopalan et al., 2014). Vitamin E cannot be produced by the human body and therefore can only be obtained from food sources. Palm oil is richest in vitamin E compared to other vegetable oils (Table).

Table :      The comparison of vitamin E content (Tocopherols and Tocotrienols) in palm oil to other vegetable oils

Type of vegetable oilVitamin E content (ppm)
Palm1,172
Soybean958
Corn782
Cottonseed776
Sunflower546
Groundnut367
Olive51
Coconut36

Source:    Slover, (1971); Gunstone (1986); Palm Oil Human Nutrition (1989)

Vitamin E content in palm oil reaches the amount of 1,172 ppm, higher than the vitamin E content in soybean oil (958 ppm), sunflower seed oil (546 ppm), corn oil (782 ppm) and the rest. As well, vitamin E in palm oil contains 20 percent tocopherols and 80 percent tocotrienols (Man danHaryati, 1997), both of which function as antioxidants.The pharmaceutical industry also uses palm oil as a vitamin E source. The effort to harvest vitamin E from palm oil has long been developed by the pharmaceutical industry through an extraction process and later produced as vitamin E capsules. Hence, oil palm plantations can be dubbed “biological factories” of vitamin E. Oil palm plantations are not only the most efficient producers of vegetable oil in the world, they are also the most efficient sources of vitamin E. In the future, besides being the world’s largest producer of palm oil, Indonesia has the potential to become the largest exporter of vitamin E.

The description above clearly states that vitamin E in palm oil is much higher compared to other vegetable oils.

Vitamin E merupakan senyawa gizi yang esensial bagi kesehatan tubuh manusia. Vitamin tersebut bermanfaat sebagai antioksidan, anti penuaan dini, kesehatan kulit, kesuburan reproduksi, mencegah aterosklerosis, anti kanker dan meningkatkan imunitas (Walton et al., 1980; Hirai et al., 1982; Sylvester et al., 1986; Cross, 1987; Sundram et al., 1989; Komiyama et al., 1989; Goh et al., 1985, 1994; Guthrie et al., 1993, 1995, 1997; Elson and Qureshi, 1995; Nasaretnam, 2008; Ng et al., 2009; Sen et al., 2010; Anggarwal et al., 2010; Nasaretnam and Meganathan, 2010; Gopalan et al., 2014). Vitamin E tidak dapat diproduksi oleh tubuh manusia sehingga harus disediakan melalui makanan.

Minyak sawit mengandung vitamin E yang paling tinggi dibandingkan dengan minyak nabati lain (Tabel).

Tabel.   Perbandingan Kandungan Vitamin E (Tocopherols dan Tocotrienols) Minyak Sawit Dibanding Minyak Nabati Lainnya

Jenis Minyak NabatiKandungan

Vitamin E (ppm)

Kelapa Sawit1.172
Kedelai958
Jagung782
Biji Kapas776
Bunga Matahari546
Kacang Tanah367
Zaitun51
Kelapa36

Sumber: Slover, (1971); Gunstone (1986); Palm Oil Human Nutrition (1989)

Kandungan vitamin E pada minyak sawit mencapai 1.172 ppm, lebih tinggi dari kandungan vitamin E minyak kedelai (958 ppm), minyak biji bunga matahari (546 ppm), minyak jagung (782 ppm) dan seterusnya. Selain itu, vitamin E minyak sawit mengandung 20 persen tocopherols dan 80 persen tocotrienols (Man dan Haryati, 1997) yang keduanya berfungi sebagai antioksidan.

Pada industri farmasi, minyak sawit juga menjadi sumber bahan vitamin E. Upaya untuk memanen vitamin E dari minyak sawit sudah lama dikembangkan oleh industri-industri farmasi melalui proses ekstraksi yang kemudian diproduksi dalam bentuk kapsul-kapsul vitamin E. Karena itu perkebunan kelapa sawit dapat dikatakan “pabrik” biologis vitamin E. Kebun sawit juga tidak hanya penghasil minyak nabati paling efisien di dunia, ternyata juga penghasil vitamin E yang paling efisien. Suatu saat selain produsen minyak sawit tebesar dunia, Indonesia juga ternyata berpotensi menjadi eksportir besar vitamin E.

Uraian di atas sangat jelas bahwa kandungan vitamin E minyak sawit adalah lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan minyak nabati lainnya.

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