Deforestation is the largest source of GHG emissions in the world.

Pertanian dan deforestasi global merupakan sektor penghasil emisi gas rumah kaca (GHG) terbesar di dunia.

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Agriculture and global deforestation are not the world’s largest GHG emission sources. The largest global GHG emission source based on sectors (Figure) is industry (29 percent), residential buildings (11 percent), commercial/public buildings (7 percent), transportation (15 percent), agriculture  (7 percent), energy supply (13 percent), land use, land-use change, forest [LULUCF (15 percent)] and waste (3 percent).

Therefore it is very clear that the largest GHG-emission contributor is from energy consumption (BBF) by industry, transportation, housing, offices and energy supply, which account for 75 percent of the global GHG emissions. The share of agriculture, land use, land use change and forest (LULUCF) is only about 22 percent. If the global community wants to resolve global warming, the most effective way is by reducing the BBF consumption globally and in a revolutionary way.

Lifestyles and luxuries that are reliant on consuming too much BBF need to be reduced revolutionarily. Reducing GHG emissions from agriculture, land use change, including deforestation, would not have a significant impact if it is not preceded by reductions in BBF consumption.

Pertanian maupun deforestasi global bukanlah sumber emisi GHG terbesar dunia. Sumber emisi GHG global berdasarkan sektor (Gambar) adalah industri (29 persen), perumahan (11 persen), perkantoran (7 persen), transportasi (15 persen), pertanian (7 persen), penyediaan energi (13 persen), LULUCF (15 persen), dan limbah (3 persen).

Dengan demikian sangat jelas bahwa kontributor emisi GHG terbesar adalah dari konsumsi energi (BBF) pada industri, transportasi, perumahan, perkantoran dan penyediaan energi yang mencapai 75 persen dari GHG global. Share pertanian, maupun land use change dan hutan (LULUCF) hanya sekitar 22 persen. Jika masyarakat global ingin mengatasi pemanasan global maka cara yang paling efektif adalah mengurangi konsumsi BBF secara global dan revolusioner.

Gaya hidup dan kemewahan yang diperoleh dengan mengkonsumsi BBF yang terlalu tinggi, perlu dikurangi secara revolusioner. Mempersoalkan emisi GHG dari pertanian, land use change termasuk deforestasi tidak berpengaruh signifikan jika tidak didahului pengurangan konsumsi BBF.

Figure Global GHG emissions by sector

Global GHG emissions by sector

Source : IEA/JREC, 2012

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