Hoax 6 : The development of oil palm plantations violates human rights and is related to human rights violation in the area.
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Do the oil palm plantations development violates human rights ?
Public awareness of human rights has continued to increase and strengthen, especially since the reform era of 2000. Free flow of information and the growing mass media and information technology have opened up every corner of Indonesia so nothing can be covered up. If there are human rights violations, people can easily report them to a competent institution.
Corporations, as part of a law-abiding society, have also long adopted good corporate governance, including aspects related to human rights.
Data from the National Commission on Human Rights (2017) shows the five provinces that submitted most human rights reports to the National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) (see table below) are Jakarta, North Sumatra, East Java, West Java and West Sumatra.
Table : Top five provinces originating human rights complaints to Komnas HAM, 2011-2016
What people reported to Komnas HAM included violations of the right to life, the right to form a family and to nurture children, the right to self-development, the right to justice, the right for personal freedom, the right to security, the right to welfare, the right to participate in government, the rights of women, the rights of the child and the right not to be discriminated against. Of course, the human rights complaints are not necessarily legally proven as human rights violations.
The data above shows the correlation between the oil palm areas and human rights cases is very weak. Human rights complaints received by Komnas HAM come from both non-palm oil and palm oil areas. The areas with many complaints of human rights violations are largely not oil palm areas. Surely, if there are proven human rights violations, both in the oil palm plantation centers and outside them, they would be dealt with through existing procedures and regulations.