The income of non-oil palm farmers is higher than that of oil palm farmers.

Pendapatan petani non sawit lebih tinggi daripada pendapatan petani sawit.

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If we compare the incomes of oil palm farming households and those of non-oil palm farmers (PASPI, 2014), generally the income of oil palm farmers is higher than that of non-oil palm farmers (Figure). On average, the income of oil palm farmers is not only higher than that of non-oil palm farmers but it also has increased more rapidly. The income of oil palm farmers increased from Rp 14 million/hectare/year (2009) to Rp 31 million/hectare/year (2013). Meanwhile, the income of non-oil palm farmers (rice farmers and rubber farmers) increased from Rp 4.6 million/hectare/year to Rp 7.2 million/hectare/year in the same period.

Other studies also prove the same thing. Higher incomes of palm oil farmers than non-oil palm farmers were also found in Stern Review (World Growth, 2011) i.e. oil palm farmers ($960-3340/ha), rubber farmers ($720/ha), rice farmers ($280/ha), cassava growers ($190/ha) and timber farmers ($1099/ha).

Thus, the development of palm oil plantations not only increases the income of oil palm farmers, but also provides middle-class incomes in rural areas.

Jika dibandingkan pendapatan rumah tangga petani sawit dengan rumah tangga petani non sawit (PASPI, 2014) secara umum pendapatan petani sawit lebih tinggi dari pendapatan petani non-sawit (Gambar). Secara rataan, pendapatan petani sawit bukan hanya lebih tinggi dari pendapatan petani non sawit tetapi juga bertumbuh lebih cepat. Pendapatan petani sawit meningkat dari Rp. 14 juta/hektar/tahun (2009) menjadi Rp. 31 juta/hektar/tahun (2013). Sementara pendapatan petani non sawit (petani padi, dan petani karet) hanya meningkat dari Rp. 4,6 juta/hektar/tahun menjadi Rp. 7,2 juta/hektar/tahun pada periode yang sama.

Berbagai penelitian yang lain juga membuktikan hal yang sama. Pendapatan petani sawit yang lebih tinggi daripada petani non sawit juga ditemukan Stern Review (World Growth, 2011) yakni petani sawit ($ 960-3340/hektar), petani karet ($ 720/hektar), petani padi ($ 280/hektar), petani ubi kayu ($ 190/hektar) dan petani kayu ($ 1099/hektar).

Dengan demikian, pengembangan perkebunan kelapa sawit bukan hanya menaikkan pendapatan petani sawit yang lebih tinggi dan bertumbuh cepat dari petani lainnya, tetapi juga menciptakan masyarakat berpendapatan menengah (middle class income) di kawasan pedesaan.

Figure 1 Comparison of the income of oil palm farmers and non-oil palm farmers

Comparison of the income of oil palm farmers and non-oil palm farmers

Source : PASPI, 2014

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