The development of oil palm plantations in Indonesia has reduced the amount of forests in the country to be less than its minimum ecological requirement, like in other countries.

Pengembangan perkebunan kelapa sawit di Indonesia telah mengakibatkan porsi hutan di Indonesia lebih rendah dari syarat minimum ekologis sebagaimana dengan negara lain

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Based on international forestry data (FAO, 2013), the portion of Indonesian forest remains much better than that of other countries, or from the standpoint of the ecological requirement (Table).

Table:   Share of forest and agricultural land compared to total land area in various countries

Region/CountriesPercentage of total forestPercentage of land area
Protected forestPrimary forestAgricultureTotal forest
World3.835.737.631.1
Asia2.318.653.019.1
Europe4.726.221.445.5
West Europe7.80.250.030.6
Africa2.39.639.222.9
South America6.359.430.740.5
North America3.539.225.332.9
US5.024.844.140.5
Indonesia7.450.029.652.5

Source: FAO Statistical Yearbook: World Food and Agriculture

In general, the minimum ecological requirement of forest to total land area as adopted in Regulation No. 41/1999 on Forestry and Regulation No. 20/2007 on Spatial Planning is a proportion of 30 percent. The proportion of forest area in Indonesia in 2013 was about 52 percent of total land area. Of the Indonesian forest area, about 50 percent constituted primary virgin forest.

The Indonesian forest proportion is still better than the forest proportions in India, China and European countries. It is even better than the forests in the US, both in terms of forest proportion to the total land area and the quality of forest, namely the primary forest portion.

Based on this data, it is not true that the forest proportions in Indonesia are under the ecological threshold. On the contrary, forests in Indonesia remain better compared to forest conditions in big countries and advanced nations.

Berdasarkan data-data kehutanan internasional (FAO, 2013) menunjukkan bahwa porsi hutan Indonesia masih jauh lebih baik dari negara lain maupun dari syarat ekologis (Tabel).

Tabel.   Pangsa Hutan dan Lahan Pertanian dari Total Daratan pada Berbagai Negara

Kawasan/
Negara
Persentase dari Total Hutan (%)Persentase dari Luas Daratan (%)
Hutan LindungHutan PrimerPertanianTotal Hutan
Dunia3,835,737,631,1
Asia2,318,653,019,1
Eropa4,726,221,445,5
Eropa Barat7,80,250,030,6
Afrika2,39,639,222,9
Amerika6,359,430,740,5
Amerika Utara3,539,225,332,9
USA5,024,844,140,5
Indonesia7,450,029,652,5

Sumber : FAO Statistical Yearbook : World Food and Agriculture

Secara umum syarat minimum ekologis porsi hutan dari luas daratan sebagaimana juga diadopsi dalam UU No. 41/1999 tentang Kehutanan dan UU No. 20/2007 tentang Penataan Ruang adalah minimum 30 persen. Porsi luas hutan di Indonesia tahun 2013 masih sekitar 52 persen dari luas daratan. Dari luas hutan Indonesia tersebut sekitar 50 persen merupakan hutan primer (virgin forest).

Porsi hutan Indonesia tersebut masih lebih baik dari porsi hutan di India, China dan negara-negara Eropa. Bahkan juga lebih baik dari hutan di USA. Baik dari segi porsi hutan dari luas daratan maupun kualitas hutan yakni porsi hutan primer.

Berdasarkan data tersebut, adalah tidak benar dan tidak sesuai dengan data bahwa porsi hutan di Indonesia sudah di bawah ambang batas ekologis. Sebaliknya hutan di Indonesia masih jauh lebih baik dibandingkan dengan kondisi hutan di negara-negara besar maupun negara maju.

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