Hoax 1 : Indonesia does not have a national policy on sustainable development
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Indonesia does not have a national policy on sustainable development ?
Indonesia is still in the early stages of its development pathway towards the future. Nevertheless, the government has, since the outset, established foundations for cross-sectoral and cross-jurisdictional policy on national development management.This national policy is a set of regulations beginning with laws and to ministerial regulations in lieu of law.
The laws related to national development management (see table below) include laws and government regulations on spatial planning, land use, technology, management, human resources, environment, products and other types.
As a whole, the prevailing laws convergeon the sustainable development paradigm. Indonesia adopted a sustainable development paradigm in which economic development (profit), social development (people) and environmental protection (planet) work together in a balanced, inclusive and harmonious manner.
Economic development per se (developmentalism) while overlooking environmental protection (environmentalism) is not sustainable development. On the other hand, development that focuses solely on environmentalism is also not sustainable. Sustainable development can only be realized when it covers economic sustainability, social sustainability and environmental sustainability.
Table : National Policy and Sustainable Development Management in Indonesia
|1945 Constitution and Preambule|
|UU No. 12 Year 1992||Agricultural System|
|UU No. 5 Year 1960||Agrarian Principles|
|UU No. 13 Year 2003||Manpower|
|UU No. 39 Year 2014||Plantations|
|UU No. 32 Year 2009||Environmental Management|
|UU No. 26 Year 2007||Spatial Planning|
|UU No. 5 Year 1990||Conservation of Natural Resource Biodiversity and Ecosystems|
|UU No 41 Year 1999||Forestry|
|UU No. 17 Year 2004||Ratificationof Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change|
|UU No. 29 Year 2000||Protection of Plant Varieties|
|UU No 18 Year 2012||Food|
|UU No. 8 Year 1999||Consumer Protection|
|UU No. 36 Year 2009||Health|
|UU No. 1 Year 1970||Workplace Safety|
|UU No. 40 Year 2007||Limited Liability Company|
|UU No. 20 Year 2014||Standardization and Compliance Assessment|
|UU no. 3 Year 2014||Industry|
|UU No. 7 Year 2014||Trade|
|UU No. 21 Year 2014||Ratification of Cartagena Protocol on Bio Safety to the Convention on Biological Diversity|
|UU No. 5 Year 1994||Ratification of United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity|
|UU No. 23 Year 2002||Child Protection|
|UU No. 25 Year 2007||Investment|
|UU No 18 Year 2013||Prevention and Eradication of Forest Degradation|
|UU No.19 Year 2013||FarmersProtection and Empowerment|
|UU No. 25 Year 1992||Cooperatives|
Sustainable development has a holistic, indivisible approach. The sustainable development of a region will not succeed if only one sector or one industry is sustainable. Sustainable development must be seen as a whole that is cross-sectoral, cross-jurisdictional/regional and cross-generational.