Indonesia is not the biggest global GHG emitter in the energy sector. On the contrary, Indonesia is one of the lowest emitting countries in the global energy sector. According to IEA data (2016), out of the 32.38 billion tons of CO2GHG emissions from global energy use in 2014 (Table) about 28 percent was produced by China, followed by the United States (16 percent) and the European Union (10 percent).
Indonesia’s contribution to global energy emissions is relatively small, namely about 1.3 percent. Therefore, it is not true that Indonesia is the biggest contributor of GHG emissions in the world energy sector.
Table : Indonesia’s position in global energy GHG-emitting countries
|Countries||Emission Year 2014|
|Million Ton CO2||%|
|Rest of the World||7,136||22.04|
Source: IEA, 2016
Since 68 percent of total global GHG emissions is from energy emission, in order to resolve the global warming and global climate change problems fossil fuel consumption in the largest emitting countries has to be reduced. Energy consumption and GHG emissions of the largest global sources such as China, the European Union, United States and India have to be reduced to save the earth.