No governance of oil palm plantations in Indonesia.

Indonesia tidak memiliki tata kelola perkebunan kelapa sawit yang berkelanjutan pada tingkat perusahaan/petani.

  • English
  • Indonesian

Oil palm plantations in Indonesia are administered with reference to management principles/cultural techniques that are tailored to local conditions and the policy on basic plantation management. Each and every link in the production supply chain has standards for processing and output (Table).

The production line for fresh fruit bunches (FFBs) – from planting to cultivating and to harvesting – refers to Good Agriculture Practices and the ISO.

Table:   Implementation of Oil Palm Plantation Management Systems at Corporate Level

Company Level
Good Agriculture Practices
Good Manufacturing Practices
ISO 9001 (Quality Management System)
ISO 14000 (Environmental Management Standard)
ISO 26000 (Corporate Social Responsibility)
SMK 3 (Workplace Safety Management System)
ISPO/ RSPO (Sustainable Oil Palm Plantation Certification)
Good Corporate Governance
Oil Palm Plantation Classification
Indonesian National Standards (SNI): Agroinput, TBS, CPO, Palm Oil, etc.

The production line for crude palm oil at palm oil mills and even in the downstream industry also refers to Good Manufacturing Practices and the ISO, while product quality standards refer to the Indonesian National Standard (SNI).

The administration of sustainable oil palm plantations in Indonesia begins at the policy level, while the implementation of industry/plantation-level management is integrated and merged under a single system called the Indonesian Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO). The ISPO comprises seven principles (Figure) from which hundreds of criteria/indicators are derived.

Evaluating the entity-level implementation of plantation administration is carried out periodically through the SMK 3, Oil Palm Plantation Classification, SNI, ISO certification, Good Corporate Governance and ISPO/RSPO certification.

Therefore, the accusation that oil palm plantations in Indonesia lacks sustainable entity-level administration is unsubstantiated. On the contrary, entity-level administration is on the right track, as it follows international standards. It is acknowledged that it is not yet ideal, as it needs much future improvement, especially in the system’s implementation at the levels of smallholdings and small- and middle-scale businesses. The question is whether other vegetable oil or agricultural commodity industries are equipped with a sustainable administration and certification system as palm oil is.

Perkebunan kelapa sawit di Indonesia dikelola dengan mengacu pada prinsip-prinsip manajemen/kultur teknis yang disesuaikan dengan kondisi lokal (tailor made) dan kebijakan tata kelola pembangunan perkebunan secara keseluruhan. Seluruh mata rantai proses produksi (supply chain) memiliki standar proses dan output (Tabel).

Pada mata rantai proses produksi TBS (mulai dari penanaman, pemeliharaan, pemanenan) mengacu pada manajemen perkebunan terbaik (Good Agriculture Practices) dan ISO. Pada proses produksi CPO di PKS (CPO mill) maupun industri hilir minyak sawit juga mengacu pada manajeman pabrik pengolahan terbaik (Good Manufacturing Practices) dan ISO. Sedangkan standar kualitas produk mengacu pada Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI).

Tabel.          Implementasi Tata Kelola Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit pada Level Perusahaan

Level Perusahaan
Good Agriculture Practices
Good Manufacturing Practices
ISO 9001 (Quality Management System)
ISO 14000 (Environmental Management Standar)
ISO 26000 (Corporate Social Responsibility)
SMK 3 (Sistem Manajemen Kesehatan Kerja)
ISPO/ RSPO (Sertifikasi Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit Berkelanjutan)
Good Corporate Governance
Klasifikasi Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit
Standar Nasional Indonesia (SNI) : Agroinput, TBS, CPO, Minyak Goreng dan lainnya

 

Tata kelola perkebunan kelapa sawit berkelanjutan Indonesia mulai dari level kebijakan, industri dan level perkebunan diintegrasikan dan diimplementasikan dalam satu sistem yang bernama Indonesia Sustainable Palm Oil (ISPO).  ISPO memiliki tujuh prinsip (Gambar) yang diterjemahkan menjadi ratusan indikator (kriteria).

Pengujian tingkat pelaksanaan tata kelola perkebunan ditingkat perusahaan dilakukan secara periodik melalui penilaian/sertifikasi seperti SMK 3, Klasifikasi Perkebunan, SNI, Sertifikasi ISO, Good Corporate Governance dan Sertifikasi ISPO/RSPO.

Dengan demikian, tuduhan bahwa perkebunan kelapa sawit Indonesia tidak memiliki tata kelola pada level perusahaan adalah tidak benar. Sebaliknya tata kelola pada level perusahaan telah on the right tract dengan standar-standar internasional. Tentu saja belum ideal dan masih banyak yang harus diperbaiki ke depan terutama untuk kebun sawit rakyat dan UKM sawit. Apakah minyak nabati lain atau komoditas pertanian, industri memiliki sistem tata kelola dan sertifikasi berkelanjutan seperti minyak sawit ?

Figure The ISPO Administration System

Share this Article

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on whatsapp
Share on email
Share on telegram

You May Also Like These Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *