Drought is also a form of global climate change. The major droughts that occur in various countries also happen in regions throughout Indonesia.
Based on data from the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB, 2017), the provinces most vulnerable to drought in the 2010-2016 period were East Java (29 percent), Central Java (27 percent), West Java (20 percent), South Sulawesi (15 percent) and Aceh (9 percent) (Figure).
Those areas, especially Central Java, East Java and West Java, where 76 percent of the national drought disasters happened, are not oil palm plantation regions. Aceh was the only oil palm center province included in the five worst provinces for drought.
Based on drought data, it can be concluded that drought occurs in various provinces that have no connection to oil palm plantations. Drought occurs in both oil palm-production provinces and non-oil palm production provinces. Indeed the provinces where the worst droughts happened, mostly on Java Island, are not oil palm plantation regions.