Flooding constitutes a part of global climate change. Therefore, flood disasters happen in nearly all countries throughout the world and there is no connection with oil palm plantations. Europe, North America, China, Australia and other regions that do not have oil palm plantations are also hit by flood disasters every year.
In Indonesia floods happen in various regions. According to data from the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB, 2017), the three provinces most frequently hit by major floods in the period between 2010 and 2016 were Central Java, East Java and West Java. Out of all national flood-disaster incidents in the 2010-2016 periods, 45 percent took place in these three provinces (average of 15 percent) as seen in Table. It is worth noting that these three provinces are not oil palm centers.
Five major oil palm provinces, namely Riau, North Sumatra, Central Kalimantan, South Sumatra,West Kalimantan and East Kalimantan were also hit by major floods like other provinces in Indonesia, but out of the major floods nationwide in the 2010-2016 period, only about 12 percent happened in the five major oil palm provinces (average of 2 percent).
Table: Accumulated number of major floods in Indonesia from 2010-2016
|Provinces||Number of Cases||Provinces||Number of Cases|
|Central Java*||698||West Nusa Tenggara*||83|
|West Java*||633||Central Kalimantan||61|
|South Sulawesi*||187||West Kalimantan||51|
|West Sumatra*||165||West Sulawesi*||34|
|Southeast Sulawesi *||118||Maluku*||26|
|South Kalimantan||94||North Maluku*||13|
|Central Sulawesi*||86||West Papua*||8|
|East Nusa Tenggara*||83||North Kalimantan*||5|
Source : BNPB (2017) *not oil palm plantation center
Based on this data, it very clearly shows that flood disasters are a global phenomenon and they happen in many places. Flooding is not related to oil palm plantations and they actually most frequently take place in provinces with no oil palm plantations.