Oil palm plantations cause flooding.

Perkebunan kelapa sawit menyebabkan bencana banjir di daerah-daerah perkebunan kelapa sawit.

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Flooding constitutes a part of global climate change. Therefore, flood disasters happen in nearly all countries throughout the world and there is no connection with oil palm plantations. Europe, North America, China, Australia and other regions that do not have oil palm plantations are also hit by flood disasters every year.

In Indonesia floods happen in various regions. According to data from the National Disaster Mitigation Agency (BNPB, 2017), the three provinces most frequently hit by major floods in the period between 2010 and 2016 were Central Java, East Java and West Java. Out of all national flood-disaster incidents in the 2010-2016 periods, 45 percent took place in these three provinces (average of 15 percent) as seen in Table. It is worth noting that these three provinces are not oil palm centers.

Five major oil palm provinces, namely Riau, North Sumatra, Central Kalimantan, South Sumatra,West Kalimantan and East Kalimantan were also hit by major floods like other provinces in Indonesia, but out of the major floods nationwide in the 2010-2016 period, only about 12 percent happened in the five major oil palm provinces (average of 2 percent).

Table:   Accumulated number of major floods in Indonesia from 2010-2016

ProvincesNumber of CasesProvincesNumber of Cases
Central Java*698West Nusa Tenggara*83
East Java*692Gorontalo*79
West Java*633Central Kalimantan61
Aceh200Riau57
South Sulawesi*187West Kalimantan51
North Sumatra186Yogyakarta*43
South Sumatra182Bengkulu*37
West Sumatra*165West Sulawesi*34
East Kalimantan158Bali*33
Jambi118North Sulawesi*32
Southeast Sulawesi *118Maluku*26
DKI Jakarta*111Papua*26
Banten*101Bangka-Belitung*23
Lampung*100Riau Islands*21
South Kalimantan94North Maluku*13
Central Sulawesi*86West Papua*8
East Nusa Tenggara*83North Kalimantan*5

Source : BNPB (2017) *not oil palm plantation center

Based on this data, it very clearly shows that flood disasters are a global phenomenon and they happen in many places. Flooding is not related to oil palm plantations and they actually most frequently take place in provinces with no oil palm plantations.

Fenomena bencana banjir merupakan bagian dari perubahan iklim global (global climate change). Karena itu, bencana banjir terjadi hampir di seluruh negara di dunia dan tidak ada kaitannya dengan perkebunan kelapa sawit. Eropa, Amerika Utara, China, Australia dan lainnya yang tidak memiliki perkebunan kelapa sawit juga mengalami bencana banjir setiap tahun.

Di Indonesia bencana banjir terjadi diberbagai daerah. Menurut data Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana 2017 tiga besar daerah provinsi yang paling sering terjadi bencana banjir dalam kurun waktu 2010 sampai 2016 adalah Jawa Tengah, Jawa Timur dan Jawa Barat. Dari jumlah kejadian bencana banjir nasional selama 2010-2016, 45 persennya terjadi di ketiga daerah tersebut (rata-rata 15 persen) seperti terlihat pada Tabel. Perlu dicatat bahwa ketiga provinsi tersebut bukanlah daerah sentra sawit nasional.

Lima provinsi utama sentra sawit nasional yakni Riau, Sumatera Utara, Kalimantan Tengah, Sumatera Selatan, Kalimantan Barat dan Kalimantan Timur juga pernah mengalami bencana banjir sama seperti provinsi-provinsi yang lain di Indonesia, tetapi dari jumlah bencana banjir nasional 2010-2016, hanya sekitar 12 persennya terjadi di kelima provinsi utama sentra sawit tersebut (rata-rata 2 persen).

Tabel.   Akumulasi Jumlah Bencana Banjir di Indonesia Tahun 2010-2016

ProvinsiJumlah KasusProvinsiJumlah Kasus
Jawa Tengah*698Nusa Tenggara Barat*83
Jawa Timur*692Gorontalo*79
Jawa Barat*633Kalimantan Tengah61
Aceh200Riau57
Sulawesi Selatan*187Kalimantan Barat51
Sumatera Utara186DI Yogyakarta*43
Sumatera Selatan182Bengkulu*37
Sumatera Barat*165Sulawesi Barat*34
Kalimantan Timur158Bali*33
Jambi118Sulawesi Utara*32
Sulawesi Tenggara*118Maluku*26
DKI Jakarta*111Papua*26
Banten*101Bangka-Belitung*23
Lampung*100Kepulauan Riau*21
Kalimantan Selatan94Maluku Utara*13
Sulawesi Tengah*86Papua Barat*8
Nusa Tenggara Timur*83Kalimantan Utara*5

Sumber : BNPB (2017) *bukan sentra kebun sawit

Berdasarkan data-data tersebut, sangat jelas menunjukkan bahwa fenomena bencana banjir merupakan fenomena global dan terjadi pada setiap provinsi. Bencana banjir tidak ada kaitannya dengan perkebunan kelapa sawit dan justru lebih paling sering terjadi di provinsi yang tidak memiliki perkebunan kelapa sawit.

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