Hoax 12 : Most Global Peat Land is in The Form of Peat Land Forest and Only Indonesia Uses Peat Land For Agriculture
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Most global peat land is in the form of peat land forest and only Indonesia uses peat land for agriculture ?
Based on the data of Wet International (2008), most global peat land (80 percent) is utilized for agricultural activities and only 20 percent is utilized for peat land forest (see figure 1). The use of peat land for agriculture in various regions is as follows: Africa (65 percent), the Americas (75 percent), Europe (67 percent) and Asia (89 percent).
Figure 1 : Global peat land use for agriculture and forest (Joosten, 2009: Wetland International)
Value in Hectares
Of the peat land used for agriculture (Figure 2), most of the 296.3 million ha is in the Asian region, followed by the American region. Russia, which has about 137 million hectares of peatland, uses 130 million hectares, about 94 percent, for agriculture.
Figure 2 : Global Agriculture peatland and Distribution (Joosten, 2009: Wetland International)
Value in Percent %
The US, which has about 22 million ha of peat land, uses approximately 12.4 million ha (55 percent) for agriculture. Meanwhile, Indonesia (Agricultural Research and Development Agency, 2008), which has about 18.3 million ha of peat land, uses about 6.05 million ha for agriculture.
Therefore, it is not true that most global peat land is used for peat land forest and it is also not true that Indonesia is the country to use the most peat land for agriculture.