Hoax 3 : Palm oil contains unstable fats that are not good for health
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Palm oil contains unstable fats that are not good for health ?
According to nutritionists, palm oil contains a stable proportion of saturated fatty acid and unsaturated fatty acid (Table 8.1). The fatty acid composition of palm oil is saturated fatty acid that consists of 44 percent palmitic fatty acid, 5 percent stearic fatty acid and monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) that consists of 10 percent linoleic fatty acid and 0.4 percent alpha linolenic fatty acid. In fact, as a whole palm oil has the behavioral characteristics of monounsaturated oils (United States Department of Agriculture, 1979; Cottrell, 1991; Small, 1991; Choudhury et al., 1995; Kritchevsky et al., 2000; Ong and Goh, 2002; FAO, 2010; Hariyadi, 2010; GiriwonodanAndarwulan, 2016).
Table : The composition of fatty acid in palm oil
|Fatty Acid||% Total Fatty Acid|
|Lauric acid (C12:0)||0.1-1.0||0.2|
|Myristic acid (C14:0)||0.9 0 1.5||1.1|
|Palmitic acid (C16:0)||41.8-45.8||44|
|Palmitoleic acid (C16:1)||0.1-0.3||0.1|
|Stearic acid (C18:0)||4.2-5.1||4.5|
|Oleic acid (C18:1)||37.3-40.8||39.2|
|Linoleic acid (C18:2)||9.1-11.0||10.1|
|Linolenic acid (C18:3)||0.0-0.6||0.4|
|Arakidonic acid (C20:0)||0.2-0.7||0.4|
Source: Hariyadi (2010)
The illustration above shows that palm oil has a stable composition of saturated fatty acid and unsaturated fatty acid. Palm oil is not categorized as vegetable oil with the behavioral characteristics of saturated fatty acid. Instead, as a whole, it has the behavior of monounsaturated oils.