Hoax 12 : Palm oil use is limited to cooking oil
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Palm oil use is limited to cooking oil ?
Palm oil is a vegetable oil, the derivatives of which can be applied to many purposes that include food ingredients (edible oil), pharmaceutical and health purposes, toiletries and cosmetics (health products) and fuel and lubricants (non-edible). Besides cooking oil, other palm oil-based products include margarine, trans-free margarine, palm oil-based pourable margarine, reduced-fat spreads, shortening, Vanaspati, palm oil-based yoghurt, ice cream and many others (see table below).
Besides food products, palm oil is also a source or ingredient for pharmaceutical products (vitamin E, pro-vitamin A, microencapsulated products, antioxidant, et cetera), cosmetic products (washing detergent, soap, transparent soap, body scrub, body deodorant, color cosmetic, shampoo and hair conditioner).
Table : The use of palm oil for food products, pharmaceuticals, health, toiletries and cosmetics
|Palm Based Pourable Margarine|
|Reduced Fat Spreads|
|Drycake and Pastry Mixed|
|Palm Based Spray Oil|
|Frying Oils and Fats|
|Expanded and Extruded Snacks|
|Confentionary Fat and Coating|
|Palm Based Santan Powder|
|Palm Based Processed Cheese|
|Microencapsulated Palm Based Product|
|Palm Based Youghurt|
|Palm Olein Salad Dressing|
|PHARMACEUTICAL, HEALTH, TOILETRIES, COSMETIC PRODUCTS|
|Pro-vitamin A (Carotene)|
|Skin Whitening Cream|
|Facial Cleansing Cream|
|Shower Bath Soap|
|FUEL AND LUBRICANT PRODUCTS|
|Metal Working Fluid|
Source: MBOP (2013)
Other than the above uses, palm oil can also be used for fuel and lubricant products (biodiesel fuel, hydraulic fluid, gear oil, chainsaw oil, biogas and others). In conclusion, palm oil is not used only for cooking oil. The application of palm oil is widely varied and includes the food, health, cosmetics, energy and biomaterial industries. Hundreds of products based on palm oil and its derivatives can be produced these days. In the future, the number of products produced by or using palm oil will keep increasing in line with the intensifying research on product development.