Palm oil use is limited to cooking oil.

Penggunaan minyak sawit hanya terbatas sebagai minyak goreng.

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Palm oil is a vegetable oil, the derivatives of which can be applied to many purposes that include food ingredients (edible oil), pharmaceutical and health purposes, toiletries and cosmetics (health products) and fuel and lubricants (non-edible). Besides cooking oil, other palm oil-based products include margarine, trans-free margarine, palm oil-based pourable margarine, reduced-fat spreads, shortening, Vanaspati, palm oil-based yoghurt, ice cream and many others (Table).

Besides food products, palm oil is also a source or ingredient for pharmaceutical products (vitamin E, pro-vitamin A, microencapsulated products, antioxidant, et cetera), cosmetic products (washing detergent, soap, transparent soap, body scrub, body deodorant, color cosmetic, shampoo and hair conditioner).

Table:   The use of palm oil for food products, pharmaceuticals, health, toiletries and cosmetics

FOOD PRODUCTS
Cooking OilsExpanded and Extruded Snacks
MargarineNuts (Dried)
Trans-free MargarineDoughnuts
Palm Based Pourable MargarineOriental Noodles
Reduced Fat SpreadsConfentionary Fat and Coating
ShorteningSugar Confectionary
VanaspatiIce Cream
Bakery FatsFilled Milk
Biscuit FatsCoffee Whiteners
Peanut ButterPalm Based Santan Powder
Flour ConfectioneryPalm Based Processed Cheese
PastryMicroencapsulated Palm Based Product
Drycake and Pastry MixedPalm Based Youghurt
Palm Based Spray OilPalm Olein Salad Dressing
Frying Oils and FatsSoup Mixes
Potato ChipsEmulsifiers
PHARMACEUTICAL, HEALTH, TOILETRIES, COSMETIC PRODUCTS
Vitamin EBody Scrub
Pro-vitamin A (Carotene)Body Deodorant
Micro EncapsulatedColor Cosmetic
Washing DetergentShampoo
SoapConditioner
Transparent SoapHand Wash
Moisturizing CreamOral Care
Anti-Wrinkle CreamDetergent
Skin Whitening CreamLotion
Sunscreen CreamLipstick
Facial Cleansing CreamAntioxidant
Shower Bath Soap
FUEL AND LUBRICANT PRODUCTS
Biodiesel FuelTransformer Oil
Hydraulic FluidMetal Working Fluid
Gear OilDrilling Mud
Chainsaw OilGrease
Compressor OilCar Shampoo
Turbin OilEthanol/Biopremium
BioelectricityBiogas

Source: MPOB (2013)

Other than the above uses, palm oil can also be used for fuel and lubricant products (biodiesel fuel, hydraulic fluid, gear oil, chainsaw oil, biogas and others). In conclusion, palm oil is not used only for cooking oil. The application of palm oil is widely varied and includes the food, health, cosmetics, energy and biomaterial industries. Hundreds of products based on palm oil and its derivatives can be produced these days. In the future, the number of products produced by or using palm oil will keep increasing in line with the intensifying research on product development.

Minyak sawit merupakan minyak nabati yang dapat digunakan berbagai penggunaan baik sebagai bahan pangan (edible oil), farmasi, kesehatan, toiletries dan kosmetik (health product) maupun produk bahan bakar & pelumas (non edible). Selain minyak goreng (cooking oil), bahan pangan lain juga menggunakan minyak sawit seperti margarine, transfree margarine, palm based pourable margarine, reduced fat spreads, shortening, vanaspati, palm based youghurt, ice cream dan lainnya (Tabel).

Selain untuk bahan pangan, minyak sawit juga menjadi sumber atau bahan untuk menghasilkan produk farmasi (vitamin E, provitamin A, micro encapsulated, antioksidan dan lain-lain), produk kosmetik (sabun cuci, sabun mandi, sabun transparan, body scrub, body deodorant, colour cosmetic, sampo, konditioner).

Tabel.   Penggunaan Minyak Sawit untuk Produk-Produk Pangan, Farmasi, Kesehatan, Toiletries dan Kosmetik

PRODUK MAKANAN
Cooking OilsExpanded and Extruded Snacks
MargarineNuts (Dried)
Trans-free MargarineDoughnuts
Palm Based Pourable MargarineOriental Noodles
Reduced Fat SpreadsConfentionary Fat and Coating
ShorteningSugar Confectionary
VanaspatiIce Cream
Bakery FatsFilled Milk
Biscuit FatsCoffee Whiteners
Peanut ButterPalm Based Santan Powder
Flour ConfectioneryPalm Based Processed Cheese
PastryMicroencapsulated Palm Based Product
Drycake and Pastry MixedPalm Based Youghurt
Palm Based Spray OilPalm Olein Salad Dressing
Frying Oils and FatsSoup Mixes
Potato ChipsEmulsifiers
PRODUK : FARMASI, KESEHATAN, TOILETRIES, KOSMETIK
Vitamin EBody Scrub
Provitamin A (Carotine)Body deodorant
Micro EncapsulatedColour Cosmetic
Sabun CuciSampo
Sabun MandiKonditioner
Sabun TransparanHand Wash
Moisturazing CreamOral Care
Anti-Wrinkle CreamDetergen
Skin Whitening CreamLotion
Suncreen CreamLipstick
Facial Cleansing CreamAntioksidan
Showed Bath
PRODUK BAHAN BAKAR & PELUMAS
Biodiesel FuelTransformer Oil
Hydraulic FluidMetal Working Fluid
Gear OilDrilling Mud
Chainsaw OilGrease
Compressor OilCar Shampo
Turbin OilEthanol/Biopremium
BiolistrikBiogas

Sumber : MPOB (2013)

Selain itu minyak sawit juga dapat digunakan menjadi bahan produk bahan bakar dan pelumas (biodiesel fuel, hydraulic fluid, gear oil, chainsaw oil, biogas dan lainnya). Dengan demikian minyak sawit bukan hanya untuk minyak goreng saja. Aplikasi minyak sawit sangat luas baik dalam industri pangan, kesehatan, kosmetik maupun industri energi/biomaterial. Ratusan produk yang dapat dihasilkan dari minyak sawit saat ini. Di masa yang akan datang, produk-produk yang dihasilkan atau menggunakan minyak sawit masih akan bertambah dengan makin intensifnya penelitian-penelitian pengembangan produk.

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