Sustainable palm oil certification lower compared to other vegetable oils

Minyak sawit paling sedikit memperoleh sertifikasi minyak nabati berkelanjutan dibandingkan dengan minyak nabati lainnya.

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Palm oil is the first global vegetable oil that has its own sustainable governance system and sustainable vegetable oil certification. The first two countries to receive vegetable oil certification for their palm oil are Indonesia and Malaysia. Other global vegetable oils, including soybean oil, rapeseed oil, sunflower oil and olive oil, do not have a sustainable vegetable oil governance system and are yet to receive sustainable vegetable oil certification.

Since its enforcement from2008 through 2015, about 5 percent of all internationally distributed palm oil is certified sustainable palm oil (Table 1). No other vegetable oils have been certified.

Table 1:    Sustainable Palm Oil Certification (CSPO + CSPK) in Global Vegetable Oils Year 2015

Type of Vegetable OilVolume (in million tons)
Uncertified SustainabilityCertified SustainabilitySubtotal
Palm Oil52.112.965
Soybean Oil53.8053.8
Rapeseed Oil26.6026.6
Sunflower Oil16.7016,7
Palm Kernel Oil3.836.8
Groundnut Oil5.605.6
Cottonseed Oil4.504.5
Coconut Oil3.403.4
Olive Oil2.802.8
Total169.315.9185.2

Source: RSPO (2016)

In conclusion, palm oil is the only global vegetable oil that has undergone and received sustainable certification.

Minyak sawit adalah minyak nabati global yang pertama di dunia memiliki sistem tata kelola dan sertifikasi minyak nabati berkelanjutan. Dan negara pertama di dunia yang melakukan sertifikasi minyak nabati adalah Indonesia dan Malaysia. Minyak nabati dunia yakni minyak kedelai, minyak rapeseed, minyak bunga matahari, minyak zaitun dan lain-lain bahkan belum memiliki sistem tata kelola minyak nabati berkelanjutan dan belum melakukan sertifikasi minyak nabati berkelanjutan.

Sejak diberlakukan 2008 sampai dengan 2015 sekitar 5 persen dari minyak sawit yang diperdagangkan secara internasional merupakan minyak sawit berkelanjutan yang telah tersertifikasi (Tabel). Minyak nabati dunia lainnya belum ada yang tersertifikasi.

Tabel.   Minyak Sawit Sertifikasi Berkelanjutan (CSPO + CSPK) dalam Minyak Nabati Global Tahun 2015

Jenis Minyak NabatiVolume (juta ton)
Belum Tersertifikasi BerkelanjutanTersertifikasi BerkelanjutanSub
Total
Sawit52,112,965
Kedelai53,8053,8
Rapeseed26,6026,6
Bunga Matahari16,7016,7
Inti Sawit3,836,8
Kacang Tanah5,605,6
Minyak Biji Kapas4,504,5
Kelapa3,403,4
Zaitun2,802,8
Total169,315,9185,2

Sumber : RSPO (2016)

Dengan demikian, minyak sawit merupakan satu-satunya minyak nabati dunia yang telah memiliki dan melakukan sertifikasi berkelanjutan.

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