Indonesia, as the world’s largest palm oil producer, has the lowest sustIndonesia, as the world’s largest palm oil producer, has the lowest sustainable palm oil certificationainable palm oil certification

Indonesia sebagai negara produsen minyak sawit terbesar dunia, namun produksi minyak sawit berkelanjutan tersertifikasi dari Indonesia lebih kecil dibandingkan dengan dari negara produsen minyak sawit lainnya.

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Based on the RSPO’s 2016 data, Indonesia’s production of certified sustainable palm oil is actually much higher when compared to other palm oil-producing countries (Figure). Almost 60 percent of certified sustainable palm oil (CSPO) and certified sustainable palm kernel oil (CSPK) distributed globally comes from Indonesia. Malaysia is the second highest producer of CSPO/CSPK, followed by Papua New Guinea and Brazil.

Bearing in mind that the data for Indonesia’s CSPO and CSPK in Figure reflects only the data gathered by the RSPO and has yet to be merged with the data from ISPO, it also does not take into account the production volume of oil palm plantation companies undergoing the ISPO or RSPO certification process. If all data were included (because in reality, palm oil products have met sustainability standards), then the actual production volume of CSPO from Indonesia would be much higher.

The Agriculture Ministry is currently accelerating the implementation of ISPO, including for oil palm smallholdings. It is targeting 80 percent of existing oil palm plantations in Indonesia to become ISPO-certified by 2020.

The data shows that Indonesia is not only the world’s largest palm oil producer, but also the world’s largest producer of certified sustainable palm oil. Do producers of global soybean oil, rapeseed oil, and sunflower oil implement sustainable plantation management as Indonesian’s palm oil producers do? What about the producers of other agricultural products, as well as oil, gas, mineral mining and industrial products – Have they also applied a sustainable management system and received certification? It is important to ask such questions, because a sustainable ecosystem can only be realized when all other sectors, industries, regional administrations, products and commodities – not only oil palm businesses and palm oil – are also sustainable.

Berdasarkan data RSPO (2016), produksi minyak sawit berkelanjutan tersertifikasi (CSPO + CSPK) dari Indonesia ternyata lebih besar dibandingkan dari negara lain (Gambar). Hampir 60 persen dari CSPO+CSPK dunia berasal dari Indonesia. Posisi kedua adalah dari Malaysia, kemudian disusul Papua New Guinea dan Brazil.

Perlu dicatat bahwa data CSPO + CSPK dari Indonesia tersebut masih hanya mencakup data RSPO dan belum termasuk data dari ISPO. Selain itu, juga belum memperhitungkan volume produksi dari perusahaan-perusahaan perkebunan kelapa sawit yang sedang proses sertifikasi, baik melalui ISPO maupun RSPO. Jika data-data tersebut diperhitungkan (karena secara realitas sudah memenuhi sustainable) maka volume produksi CSPO dari Indonesia tersebut pasti lebih besar lagi.

Kementerian Pertanian sedang melakukan percepatan implementasi ISPO termasuk untuk perkebunan sawit rakyat. Di targetkan tahun 2020 sekitar 80 persen perkebunan kelapa sawit Indonesia sudah memperoleh sertifikasi tata kelola perkebunan kelapa sawit berkelanjutan ISPO.

Dengan data tersebut menunjukkan bahwa Indonesia selain sebagai produsen minyak sawit dunia terbesar, juga produsen terbesar minyak sawit berkelanjutan tersertifikasi dunia. Apakah minyak kedelai dunia, minyak rapeseed, minyak bunga matahari memiliki tata kelola berkelanjutan seperti pada minyak sawit? Dan bagaimana dengan komoditas pertanian lainnya, pertambangan mineral dan migas serta produk-produk industri dunia, apakah memiliki sistem tata kelola dan sertifikasi berkelanjutan? Pertanyaan tersebut penting karena ekosistem yang berkelanjutan hanya mungkin terwujud jika semua sektor, industri, daerah, produk/komoditi berkelanjutan (tidak cukup hanya sawit yang berkelanjutan).

Figure CSPO-Producing Countries by Production Volume

Production Growth of Certified Sustainable Palm Oil

*30 June 2016

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