Indonesia’s population is the world's largest GHG emitter.

Penduduk Indonesia menghasilkan emisi GHG yang lebih besar dari penduduk negara lain.

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Based on IEA data (2016), (Table) the Indonesian people are not the largest GHG-emission contributors as compared with people in other countries. The emissions of the Indonesian people are actually classified as among the lowest in the world.

The countries with the largest per capita emissions are Qatar, Kuwait, Luxemburg, Saudi Arabia and the United States whose per capita emission is over 16 ton of CO2. The per capita emission of the Indonesian people is classified as low, namely 1.7 tons of CO2, only about one 10th of the emissions of the people of the United States. The Indonesian per capita emission is even much lower than the average emission of the global population, below the average of European people and below the average of the people in OECD and Non-OECD countries.

Based on this data, in order to save the earth from further global warming and to prevent the global community from various forms of climate change impacts, the emissions of populations that are higher than Indonesia’s, such as Qatar, Kuwait, Luxemburg, Saudi Arabia, the United States, European Union, China, Singapore and others, have to be lowered.

Reducing emissions means reducing luxuries/welfare. Will people from the highest emitting countries reduce their luxuries? If they are willing to they should do so and not search for a scapegoat or shift the global warming/global climate change blame to the people of other countries with lower emissions, like the Indonesian people.

Table.   Indonesia and its comparison with other countries in CO2 emissions per capita

CountriesTon CO2/Per CapitaCountriesTon CO2/Per capita
Qatar35.73Saudi Arabia16.40
Kuwait22.94United States16.22
Luxemburg16.57Brunei Darussalam16.06
Austria7.11Australia15.81
Norway6.87Canada15.61
China6.66Japan9.35
United Kingdom6.31Germany8.93
Iceland6.25Singapore8.29
EU-286.22Finland8.28
Korea11.26Belgium7.83
Denmark6.12Malaysia7.37
Russia10.20Indonesia1.72
Ireland7.34India1.56
Italy7.34Asia4.91
Iran7.12Non OECD3.24
Netherland8.80OECD Total9.36
Greece6.03OECD America12.67
Spain4.99OECD Asia Oceania10.41
Switzerland4.61OECD Europe6.05
France4.32World4.47

Source: IEA, 2016

Berdasarkan data IEA (2016), menunjukkan (Tabel) bahwa penduduk Indonesia bukan kontributor emisi GHG terbesar dibandingkan dengan penduduk negara lain. Bahkan, emisi penduduk Indonesia tergolong terendah di dunia.

Negara yang emisi per kapita (per orang) lima besar tertinggi adalah Qatar, Kuwait, Luxemburg, Saudi Arabia dan USA yang emisi per kapita di atas 16 ton CO2. Emisi per kapita penduduk Indonesia tergolong rendah yakni 1,7 ton CO2 hanya sekitar seper sepuluh dari emisi penduduk Amerika Serikat. Bahkan, emisi per kapita penduduk Indonesia masih jauh lebih rendah dari emisi rata-rata penduduk dunia, di bawah rata-rata penduduk Eropa dan di bawah rata-rata penduduk OECD maupun Non OECD.

Berdasarkan data-data tersebut, untuk menyelamatkan bumi dari pemanasan lebih lanjut dan mencegah masyarakat dunia dari berbagai bentuk dampak perubahan iklim, maka setiap orang penduduk yang emisinya lebih tinggi dari Indonesia seperti Qatar, Kuwait, Luxemburg, Saudi Arabia, USA, Negara-negara Eropa, China, Singapura dan seterusnya harus diturunkan.

Tabel.   Indonesia dan Perbandingan Negara dalam Emisi CO2 Per Kapita

NegaraTon CO2/KapitaNegaraTon CO2/Kapita
Qatar35,73Saudi Arabia16,40
Kuwait22,94Amerika Serikat16,22
Luqemburg16,57Brunei Darussalam16,06
Austria7,11Australia15,81
Norwegia6,87Kanada15,61
China6,66Jepang9,35
United Kingdom6,31Jerman8,93
Islandia6,25Singapura8,29
EU-286,22Finlandia8,28
Korea11,26Belgia7,83
Denmark6,12Malaysia7,37
Russia10,20Indonesia1,72
Irlandia7,34India1,56
Italia7,34Asia4,91
Iran7,12Non OECD3,24
Belanda8,80OECD Total9,36
Yunani6,03OECD Amerika12,67
Spanyol4,99OECD Asia Oceania10,41
Swiss4,61OECD Eropa6,05
Perancis4,32Dunia4,47

Sumber : IEA, 2016

Masalahnya memang menurunkan emisi berarti menurunkan kemewahan/kesejahteraan. Maukah rakyat di negara-negara pengemisi tertinggi tersebut menurunkan kemewahannya? Jika tidak bersedia, jangan mencari “kambing hitam” atau mengalihkan masalah pemanasan global/perubahan iklim global ke rakyat negara lain yang lebih rendah emisinya seperti rakyat Indonesia.

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