Hoax vs Fact Category: National Policy and Governance Issues
One of the accusations leveled against the Indonesian palm oil industry concerns plantation development, which has been perceived as unsustainable. It is alleged that Indonesia neither has a sustainable national policy nor implements good management at its oil palm plantations.
Indonesia has adopted a sustainable development paradigm under which economic development (profit), social development (people) and environmental protection (planet) are balanced, inclusive and harmonious. In comparison, a development paradigm that focuses only on environmental protection (environtalism) is not sustainable. Sustainable development can only be realized if it covers economic sustainability, social sustainability and environmental sustainability.
The following is the dialectic between the myths and the facts related to sustainable development policy and management, as well as the implementation of sustainable management at oil palm plantations in Indonesia.