Hoax vs Fact Category: Oil Palm Plantations within Social Issues and Rural Development

Rural development is one of the focuses of development policy in Indonesia, considering that (1) half or more of Indonesia’s population, 58 percent in 2000 and 50 percent in 2012, lived in rural areas and their welfare needs to be improved, (2) the largest labor force is located and working in rural and agricultural areas, (3) poor people in Indonesia are largely in rural and agricultural areas. Therefore, rural development in Indonesia should focus on increasing rural incomes (pro-rural income development) and poverty reduction (pro-poor development).

The following myths are often cited concerning the connection between the development of oil palm plantations and rural development.