Disinfectant from Liquid Smoke of Palm Shell: Innovation in the Pandemic Covid-19
Crude Palm Oil (CPO) is currently the largest source of vegetable oil in the world, and Indonesia is the largest palm oil producer country in the world with production of 51.8 million tons in 2019. Along with increasing production and demand market of palm oil and palm kernal oil, oil palm factory (read: Pabrik Kelapa Sawit/PKS) also produce more wastes.
The processing of Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB) in the palm oil industry in producing crude palm oil (CPO) and palm kernel oil (PKO) produces three kinds of waste namely solid, liquid, and gas waste. Solid waste is the most which is around 35-40% of the total FFB that is processed in the form of empty fruit bunches, fibers, and palm shells. Waste generated from the processing of palm oil is at risk of polluting the environment, so that proper treatment is needed to deal with these wastes while creating innovative high-value economic products.
Palm shells are one of the oil palm solid waste amounts to 6-7 percent or around 144 kg of each ton of processed FFB. Like palm oil which has many benefits, processing palm shells also has the potential of high economic value products. So far, it has been known the use of palm shells as an energy source such as biogas/bio-electricity. Not only that, processing of palm shells into liquid smoke can also be used as industrial raw material.
The article written by Fauziati and Haspiadi in the J Jurnal Riset Teknologi Industri explains that the processing of palm shells through the pyrolysis process will produce liquid smoke. Liquid smoke from this palm shell contains carboxylic acid/asrer acid, phenol and carbonyl compounds, all of which as antiseptic agents and can be use as raw material for disinfectant. The use of liquid smoke can reduce the use of chemical compounds such as triclosan/iragasan which has been widely used in various antiseptic products on the market. The use of liquid smoke mixed with alcohol in a ratio of 40:60, has been proven to provide a powerful inhibition of the growth of bacteria such as Stapholoccous Aureus, E.colli and Salmonella.
The potential use of liquid smoke from palm shells as a raw material of disinfectant becomes an innovative solution that is very useful, especially during the Covid-19 pandemic. The need for disinfectants has increased since the outbreak of the Coronavirus. As a preventive effort to prevent being infected with the Coronavirus, spraying of disinfectants is also rife in public places and locations that are considered vulnerable as covid-19 virus transmission media.
Disinfectants made from liquid smoke frompalm shell has been widely produced and used in various oil palm centers in Indonesia. As happened in South Kalimantan, UPPB Tanjung in Balong Regency has succeeded in producing 20-25 liters of liquid smoke from palm shell every day. The liquid smoke is then mixed with water with a concentration of one percent or one liter of palm shell liquid smoke mixed with 100 liters of water to produce a disinfectant that can be sprayed immediately.
Innovation of disinfectant products from palm shell liquid smoke as a natural disinfectant has a benefit such as harmless to humans and environmentally friendly and also more economical because it is made from palm oil processing waste. This product is a very useful breakthrough for Indonesian people in the Covid-19 pandemic. It is expected that in the future, this disinfectant production can also be carried out en mass and can be distributed throughout Indonesia as an effort to deal with the Coronavirus.
Share this article
You may also like these articles