JURNAL MONITOR VOL.2 NO.42: ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY INDUSTRI SAWIT INDONESIA: REVIEW DAN ISU STRATEGIS

TANGGAL PUBLIKASI : December 29, 2021
KEYWORDS : Sawit
PENULIS : PASPI MONITOR

ABSTRAK

Perkembangan perkebunan sawit termasuk kebun sawit rakyat yang umumnya berada pada daerah-daerah degraded land, pelosok dan terpencil berdampak langsung pada kemajuan dan pertumbuhan ekonomi masyarakat regional. Industri sawit termasuk perkebunan dan industri hilirnya juga berhasil menjadi lokomotif ekonomi nasional. Sebagai produsen minyak sawit terbesar dunia, industri sawit Indonesia juga merupakan bagian penting dalam rantai pasok minyak nabati global yang turut berkontribusi pada pertumbuhan ekonomi di negara importir minyak sawit. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa  industri minyak sawit sebagai wahana sharing prosperity yang dapat membagi “kue ekonomi” yang dapat dinikmati oleh masyarakat baik pada level regional, nasional maupun global atau menghasilkan multilevel economic benefit. Multilevel economic benefit tersebut akan sustainable, jika industri sawit sustainable secara ekonomi, bahkan besaran manfaat tersebut berpotensi untuk terus diperbesar melalui perbaikan aspek economic sustainablity dari industri sawit. Tiga isu strategis untuk mencapai economic sustainablity dari industri sawit yaitu: Pertama, peningkatan produktivitas melalui replanting atau perbaikan kultur teknis pada kebun yang eksisting. Kedua, efisiensi biaya produksi melalui perbaikan manajerial dan teknologi produksi. Dan Ketiga, pendalaman hilirisasi untuk menghasilkan produk hilir (finished product) yang memiliki nilai tambah lebih tinggi.

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