JURNAL MONITOR VOL.2 NO.46 : EMISI KARBON PERKEBUNAN SAWIT VERSUS PERKEBUNAN MINYAK NABATI LAIN

TANGGAL PUBLIKASI : December 29, 2021
KEYWORDS : emisi karbon, kebun sawit
PENULIS : PASPI MONITOR

ABSTRAK

Emisi karbon menjadi perhatian masyarakat dunia karena terkait dengan pemanasan global dan dampaknya pada perubahan iklim global. Di sisi lain, ekspansi perkebunan sawit sering dituding menjadi sumber emisi global yang semakin memperparah perubahan iklim. Tudingan tersebut juga memunculkan gerakan “No Palm Oil” atau “Palm Oil Free” sebagai gerakan untuk mengurangi konsumsi minyak sawit yang dianggap sebagai sumber emisi utama. Namun menjadi sebuah pertanyaan, apakah pandangan atau gerakan tersebut memiliki argumen rasional?Jika melihat karaktertistiknya seperti produktivitas minyak yang tinggi tinggi, life span yang relatif panjang, kemampuan carbon sink dan carbon sequestration yang besar, menunjukkan bahwa minyak minyak sawit lebih unggul secara ekologis dibanding minyak nabati lainya.Pada level ekosistem global, studi terkait emisi karbon untuk setiap liter minyak nabati pada menunjukkan bahwa emisi minyak sawit terendah dibandingkan minyak nabati lainnya. Indonesia, Malaysia dan Thailand juga menjadi produsen minyak sawit yang paling rendah emisi karbonnya.

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