JOURNAL MONITOR VOL.2 NO.37 : THE CONTRIBUTION OF THE PALM OIL INDUSTRY TO SDGs-8 (DECENT WORK AND ECONOMIC GROWTH) AT GLOBAL LEVEL

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As a strategic economic sector, the palm oil industry has great potential as a part and solution to achieving the SDGs at the regional, national and global levels. One of the SDGs goals that can be achieved by the palm oil industry is “Decent Work and Economic Growth” (SDG-8). The contribution of the SDG-8 palm oil industry does not only occur in the producing countries, but also in the palm oil importing/consuming countries in the world. Through palm oil downstream activities (oleofood, bioenergy, oleochemicals) in consumer countries is part of sharing prosperity and “economic cake” in the form of job opportunities, business opportunities, and income generation (SDG-8), from palm oil producing communities to palm oil consumers. Job creation or decent work globally created by the world’s palm oil industry reached around 2.36 million people in 2015, as well as is well distributed and inclusive in developed countries (European Union, America) and developing countries (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, China). In addition, the contribution of the palm oil industry to the increase in income or economic growth at a global level reached USD 32.8 billion. The bigger and more intensive the downstreaming of palm oil in these palm oil-consuming countries, the more decent work and economic growth will be created.
Sebagai sektor ekonomi strategis, industri sawit memiliki potensi yang besar sebagai bagian dan solusi dari pencapaian SDGs baik pada level daerah, nasional maupun global. Salah satu tujuan SDGs yang dapat dicapai oleh industri sawit adalah “Decent Work and Economic Growth” (SDG-8). Kontribusi industri sawit SDG-8 tidak hanya terjadi di negara produsennya saja, tetapi juga turut dirasakan oleh negara importir/konsumen minyak sawit dunia. Melalui kegiatan hilirisasi minyak sawit (jalur oleofood, bioenergy, oleochemical) di negara-negara konsumen merupakan bagian dari share prosperity dan membagi “kue ekonomi” berupa kesempatan kerja, kesempatan berusaha dan penciptaan pendapatan (SDG-8), dari masyarakat produsen minyak sawit ke masyarakat konsumen minyak sawit. Penciptaan lapangan pekerjaan atau decent work global yang diciptakan industri minyak sawit dunia mencapai sekitar 2.36 juta orang tahun 2015 serta terdistribusi dengan baik dan inklusif pada negara maju (Uni Eropa, Amerika) maupun negara berkembang (India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, China). Selain itu, kontribusi industri sawit pada peningkatan pendapatan atau economic growth dunia mencapai USD 32.8 milyar. Semakin besar dan intensif hilirisasi sawit di negara-negara konsumen sawit tersebut, maka decent work and economic growth yang tercipta semakin besar.
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