JOURNAL MONITOR VOL.2 NO.11 : IS DEFORESTATION A NORMAL PHENOMENON IN THE DEVELOPMENT PROCESS?
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Deforestation has become a concern of the global community, especially in the last two decades. This issue was previously purely environmental issue, has now turned into a basis for trade protection policies between developed and developing countries. Those things above raise questions related to the history of global deforestation and do deforestation only occurs (uniqueness) in developing countries?
Based on empirical studies show that global deforestation is a normal phenomenon that has occurred in the history of global development. Global deforestation occurred since the year before 1700 and was mostly in temperate forests such as Europe and the United States, and then spreads to tropical forest areas. It mean that deforestation is the early stages of development carried out by all countries to utilize natural forest resources so food needs and the availability of housing land can be fulfilled which is in line with increases in the global population.
Perhaps many people do not agree with this statement, especially the millennials generation. It’s not about agreeing or disagreeing. There seems to be no option to develop at that time without deforestation. However, unlike Europe and North America carried out total and caused the loss of their native biodiversity, deforestation also occurs in developing countries to meet their needs but not adopting total deforestation and still have virgin forests as “home” for native biodiversity.