JOURNAL MONITOR EDITION 7 : THE FACTS DEBUNK FRAMING ON INDONESIA AS WORLD’S LARGEST GREENHOUSE GASS (GHG) EMITTER
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Increasing competition of vegetable oil market in the world has implications for a shift from price competion to non price competion to inhibiting of palm oil trade in the global market. It indicated by the large number of black campaigns attacking oil palm and Indonesia as the largest producer palm oil in world. One of the topics used in the black campaign is that Indonesia through the expansion of its oil palm plantations, is considered a major emitter country that contributes to increased Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions which cause global warming and climate change.
Allegations of anti- palm oil NGOs and western countries that cornered Indonesia and its oil palm plantations as the main emitter countries that contribute greatly to the increase in Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions, are accusations that are not in accordance with empirical data and facts. Based on the study of Olivier et al. (2020), the major emitter countries that contributed of global GHG emissions are China (20 percent), USA (16 percent), EU (12 percent), and India (6 percent). The main emitter countries also experienced an increase in the contribution of GHG emissions (CO2, CH4, NO2 and F-gas), except for the EU.
Although the contribution of GHG emissions produced by the EU has decreased, but the contribution of F-gas emissions has continued to increase. This is more dangerous because it causes damage to the ozone layer (ozone layer depleting) which aggravates global warming and endangers human health.
Indonesia is also the same as other countries producing GHG emissions, but Indonesia’s contribution was relatively small (2 percent) compared to the four major emitter countries. Indonesia also more contributred than major emitter countries to prevent the depleting layer of ozone by trying to reduce the use of Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) gases.
This showed that the allegations of anti-oil palm organizations and western countries which corner Indonesia and its oil palm plantations as the cause of global warming and climate change, are false accusations. In fact, Indonesia’s contribution to GHG emissions is far below that of western countries such as USA and the European Union, which so far often blamed Indonesia and its oil palm plantations as the largest contributor to GHG emissions in the world. The two countries should be responsible for global warming and climate change that occur instead of distorting the facts.