JOURNAL MONITOR VOL.2 NO.20 OIL PALM PLANTATIONS RESTORES DEGRADED LAND INTO A NEW ECONOMIC GROWTH CENTER

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Indonesian, English

Abstract

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  • Indonesian
The development of oil palm plantations can be categorized as a pioneer in economic activity because it can convert degraded land located in remote and underdeveloped areas such ex-logging areas into an economic engine that produces an “economic cake” that is enjoyed by the surrounding community.

Not only that, the development of oil palm plantations by corporations (state and private) and smallholders (plasma and independent) can encourage the growth of the supporting service sector, such as transportation services, financial services/banking, goods supplier services/office services, food trade services, food shops/ restaurants, inter-city trade services, and others. Their economic activities are capable of developing agropolitan area that becomes the new economic growth center.

Apart from being a pioneer in new economic growth in degraded land areas, oil palm plantations are also able to play a role in increasing farmer’s income and regional economic growth (GDRP). The implication is being able to transform degraded land which is a source of poverty into a locomotive for reducing rural and urban poverty.

Pengembangan perkebunan kelapa sawit dapat dikategorikan sebagai pioner kegiatan ekonomi karena mampu menggerakkan daerah degraded land yang berada di pelosok, pinggiran dan daerah tertinggal seperti daerah bekas logging menjadi mesin ekonomi yang menghasilkan “kue ekonomi” yang dinikmati masyarakat sekitar.

Tidak hanya itu, pengembangan perkebunan sawit oleh korporasi (negara dan swasta) dan petani (plasma maupun swadaya) mampu mendorong tumbuhnya sektor jasa pendukung seperti jasa transportasi jasa keuangan/perbankan, jasa suplier barang/jasa perkantoran, jasa perdagangan bahan pangan, jasa warung/restoran makan, jasa perdagangan antar kota, dan lain-lain. Aktivitas ekonomi antar pelaku perkebunan sawit dengan jasa pendukung mampu membentuk suatu kawasan agropolitan yang menjadi pusat pertumbuhan ekonomi baru di daerah tersebut.

Selain menjadi pioner dalam pertumbuhan ekonomi baru di kawasan degraded land, perkebunan sawit juga mampu berperan dalam peningkatan pendapatan petani maupun pertumbuhan ekonomi daerah (PDRB). Implikasinya adalah mampu merubah daerah yang sebelumnya berupa degraded land yang menjadi sumber kemiskinan menjadi lokomotif pengurangan kemiskinan pedesaan dan perkotaan.

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