JOURNAL MONITOR VOL.2 NO.10 : OIL PALM PLANTATIONS ARE PART OF THE “LUNGS” FOR THE EARTH ECOSYSTEM
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Oil palm as an annual plant that has a morphological form as a tree also has the ability and function of conserving the cycle of carbon dioxide and oxygen or we called as “lung” function of the ecosystem. These lungs in oil palm are to absorb carbon dioxide and supply oxygen to the earth’s atmosphere. By this function, oil palm plantations can contribute to absorbing carbon emissions to minimize global warming.
With this function, the oil palm plantations able to clean the atmosphere by absorbing 1.5 billion tons of carbon dioxide and refreshing the atmosphere through the production of around 449 million tons of oxygen. Even the “lung” capacity of oil palm plantations is greater than the “lungs” capacity of tropical forests.
The results of the carbon sink function of oil palm plantations are also stored in biomass with a volume of up to 1.6 billion tons or the equivalent of 760 million tons of carbon stock. In addition to biomass, another result of carbon sinks is also converted into palm oil (CPO and PKO), which will produce 86 tons of oil/hectare/planting cycle. So that they can contribute to being part of feeding the world and bio-fueling the world, as well as able to meet the needs of the global community for various consumer products such as personal care (cosmetics/make up), hygiene products to bio-lubricant products.