JOURNAL MONITOR VOL.2 NO.18 PALM OIL INDUSTRY SAVES GLOBAL DEFORESTATION?
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In the last 20 years, the palm oil industry has received the spotlight from the global community, one of which is the linking of palm oil production growth with deforestation, where this issue has also become the theme of anti-palm oil NGO campaign. This also shows that the global community’s strong commitment to choosing vegetable oil production sources that are efficient in deforestation and even zero deforestation.
Oil palm has been proven to be the most efficient vegetable oil crop in land use or saved deforestation. This is due to the higher productivity of palm oil compared to soybean, rapeseed, and sunflower crops in producing one ton of vegetable oil. This fact also proven from the simulation shows that the presence of palm oil has saved the global deforestation of 167 million hectares to supply vegetable oil by 2020. In addition, to meet the need for vegetable oil towards 2050 and without causing deforestation, increasing the productivity of palm oil to 6.5 tons is the best solution.
This fact makes it clear that the palm oil phase-out campaign and policy using arguments to reduce deforestation will trigger a wider expansion of global deforestation. Conversely, promoting the use of palm oil as the global vegetable oil will have an impact on saving global deforestation.