JOURNAL MONITOR VOL.2 NO.6 : PALM OIL: BIOFUELING THE WORLD

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Indonesian, English

Abstract

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In the last two decades, many countries have developed biofuels such as biodiesel. Policy and incentives support provided by the government have an impact on positive trends in global biodiesel production from 31.1 million kiloliters in 2015 to 44.7 million kiloliters in 2020.

The top-5 biodiesel producers in the world are the European Union, United States, Indonesia, Brazil, and Argentina, respectively. Biodiesel production in each country depends on the availability of raw materials (feedstock), such as United States, Brazil, and Argentina develop soybean-based biodiesel, European Union develop rapeseed-based biodiesel or mixed-based biodiesel and Indonesia develops palm oil-based biodiesel. However, through global trade, biodiesel industry in various countries have the opportunity to enjoy and utilize feedstocks that are considered more competitive, such as palm oil.

In fact, palm oil’s share in global feedstock market continue to increase. With several advantages of palm oil in the world vegetable oil market such as competitive prices, large volumes, and stable supply, it has enabled palm oil to be able to play a role as a provider of bio-fueling for the global community. Two important roles/contributions of palm oil as global bio-fueling are producing palm oil biodiesel and/or biodiesel feedstock both in it’s oil or Used Cooking Oil (UCO) as waste from the use of palm cooking oil, and also has the potential to prevent a food-fuel trade-off in the development of biodiesel.

This further shows that the palm oil-based biodiesel in addition to reducing dependence on fossil fuel, but also contributes to the achievement of SDGs, especially SDG-7 (affordable and clean energy), and also contributes to other goals such as SDG-1 (No Poverty), SDG-8 (decent work and economic growth) and SDG-13 (climate action).

 

Dalam dua dekade terakhir ini, banyak negara mengembangkan bahan bakar nabati atau biofuel, salah satunya biodiesel. Dukungan kebijakan dan insentif yang diberikan oleh suatu negara berdampak pada tren produksi biodiesel global yang positif yakni dari 31.1 juta kilo liter pada tahun 2015 meningkat menjadi 44.7 juta kilo liter tahun 2020.

Top-5 produsen biodiesel dunia berturut-turut adalah Uni Eropa, Amerika Serikat, Indonesia, Brazil dan Argentina. Masing-masing produsen biodiesel menggunakan feedstock berbasis sumber daya minyak nabati lokal yang diproduksi oleh negara itu, seperti Amerika Serikat, Brazil, dan Argentina mengembangkan soybean-based biodiesel, Uni Eropa dengan rapeseed-based biodiesel atau mixed-based biodiesel dan Indonesia dengan palm oil-based biodiesel. Namun melalui perdagangan dunia, industri biodiesel dunia memiliki kesempatan untuk menikmati dan menggunakan feedstock yang dianggap lebih kompetitif seperti minyak sawit.

Bahkan pangsa minyak sawit dalam pasar feedstock dunia terus meningkat. Dengan sejumlah keunggulan minyak sawit di pasar minyak nabati dunia yakni harga kompetetif, volume besar dan pasokan stabil, memungkinkan minyak sawit mampu berperan sebagai penyedia bahan bakar/energi nabati (biofueling) bagi masyarakat dunia.  Dua peran penting minyak sawit sebagai biofueling dunia yakni menghasilkan biodiesel sawit dan atau feedstock biodiesel baik minyaknya atau Used Cooking Oil (UCO) sebagai limbah dari penggunaan minyak goreng sawit, dan juga berpotensi untuk mencegah terjadinya food-fuel trade off dalam pengembangan biodiesel dunia.

Hal ini semakin menunjukkan bahwa biodiesel berbasis minyak sawit selain mengurangi ketergantungan terhadap energi fosil, tetapi juga dapat berkontribusi terhadap pencapaian SDG terutama SDG-7 (affordable and clean energy), dan juga turut berkontribusi atas pencapaian goals lainnya seperti SDG-1 (No Poverty), SDG-8 (decent work dan economic growth) dan SDG-13 (climate action).
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