JOURNAL MONITOR VOL.2 NO.2 : PALM OIL CREATES JOB OPPORTUNITIES IN IMPORTER COUNTRIES
Journal Pages Number
Journal Document Type
The palm oil industry is inclusive industry, because “economic cake” generates itself can enjoy for all party, both in local, national, and global. Through international trade (export-import) and downstream industry are vehicle for sharing the “economic cake” from palm oil producer/exporter to palm oil consumer/importer countries. One of economic cakes is job creation.
In line with increasing in volume of palm oil import and downstream development will also increasing job creation in importer countries reached 1.9 million people in 2010 and is estimated to continue to increase to 2.7 million people by 2020.
However, the distribution of job creation among palm oil importing countries is also different. This is due to the volume of imports, downstream development (deepening or expansion) and downstream technology. Among the palm oil importer countries in the world, the largest job creation occured in India and China reached 74 percent of total job creation in all importer palm oil countries. Because the large volume of palm oil imports and the abundance of labor which has led to the development of palm oil-based downstream industries which are classified as labor-intensive industry. So that, the impact of job creation is greater than some countries that are the downstream industries are more capital-intensive (such as the European Union).
The job creation from palm oil-based economic activities including trade activites and downstream in palm oil importer countries has succeeded in proving that the palm oil industry is a globally inclusive industry. Because its benefits in job creation can be felt not only by producer countries but also by importer/consumer countries of palm oil.