JOURNAL MONITOR VOL.2 NO.2 : PALM OIL CREATES JOB OPPORTUNITIES IN IMPORTER COUNTRIES

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The palm oil industry is inclusive industry, because “economic cake” generates itself can enjoy for all party, both in local, national, and global. Through international trade (export-import) and downstream industry are vehicle for sharing the “economic cake” from palm oil producer/exporter to palm oil consumer/importer countries. One of economic cakes is job creation.

 

In line with increasing in volume of palm oil import and downstream development will also increasing job creation in importer countries reached 1.9 million people in 2010 and is estimated to continue to increase to 2.7 million people by 2020.

However, the distribution of job creation among palm oil importing countries is also different. This is due to the volume of imports, downstream development (deepening or expansion) and downstream technology. Among the palm oil importer countries in the world, the largest job creation occured in India and China reached 74 percent of total job creation in all importer palm oil countries. Because the large volume of palm oil imports and the abundance of labor which has led to the development of palm oil-based downstream industries which are classified as labor-intensive industry. So that, the impact of job creation is greater than some countries that are the downstream industries are more capital-intensive (such as the European Union).

The job creation from palm oil-based economic activities including trade activites and downstream in palm oil importer countries has succeeded in proving that the palm oil industry is a globally inclusive industry. Because its benefits in job creation can be felt not only by producer countries but also by importer/consumer countries of palm oil.

Industri minyak sawit merupakan industri yang inklusif, karena “kue ekonomi” yang dihasilkan oleh industri ini dapat dinikmati oleh semua pihak baik lokal, nasional maupun global. Melalui perdagangan internasional (ekspor-impor) dan pengembangan industri hilir berbasis minyak sawit merupakan wahana untuk membagi “kue ekonomi” dari produsen/eksportir minyak sawit ke negara konsumen/importir minyak sawit. Salah satu “kue ekonomi” tersebut dalam bentuk job creation.

 

Seiring dengan meningkatnya volume impor minyak sawit dan pengembangan industri hilir berbasis sawit akan meningkatkan job creation di negara importir mencapai 1.9 juta orang tahun 2010 dan diperkirakan terus meningkat menjadi 2.7 juta orang pada tahun 2020.

Namun, distribusi job creation diantara negara importir minyak sawit juga mengalami perbedaan. Hal tersebut dikarenakan volume impor, pengembangan hilirisasi (pendalaman atau perluasan) dan teknologi hilirisasi. Dan diantara negara importir minyak sawit di dunia, job creation terbesar terjadi di India dan China yakni sekitar 74 persen dari total job creation yang terjadi di seluruh negara importir minyak sawit dunia. Hal ini dikarenakan besarnya volume impor minyak sawit dan kelimpahan tenaga kerja yang ada di India dan China menyebabkan berkembangnya industri hilir berbasis minyak sawit yang tergolong padat karya (labor intensive). Sehingga dampak job creation lebih besar dibandingkan dengan negara yang memiliki industri hilir yang lebih padat modal (capital intensive) seperti Uni Eropa.

Job creation akibat aktivitas ekonomi berbasis sawit yang mencakup perdagangan dan hilirisasi yang terjadi di negara importir telah berhasil membuktikan bahwa industri sawit adalah industri yang inclusive secara global. Manfaatnya dalam hal ini terkait penciptaan kesempatan kerja dapat dirasakan tidak hanya oleh negara produsen tetapi juga negara importir/konsumen minyak sawit

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