JOURNAL MONITOR VOL.2 NO.9 : PALM OIL IS THE MOST “OILY” VEGETABLE OIL IN THE WORLD
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There are four main vegetable oil plants that produce around 90 percent of the global vegetable oils, namely oil palm, soybeans, rapeseed, and sunflower. Areal and production of them also increasing significantly in last 20 years.
Among this vegetable oil plants, oil palm has comparative advantages compared than other vegetable oils. Oil palm plantation’s area is the smallest compared to other vegetable oil plants, however the oil production is the largest. This shows the advantage of oil palm plants are more land-saving and the more “oily” because higher productivity than other vegetable oils.
The higher productivity and plant morphology of oil palm is classified tree and annual plant with a planting cycle of up to 25-30 years has implications for its ability and capacity has a larger and more sustainable “ecosystem lungs” in long term. Meanwhile, this function from other vegetable oil plants has not been obtained, however if we follow the proportion of productivity and plant morphology it’s estimated lower than oil palm plants.
Another advantages compared to other vegetable oil plant is to producing one tonnes of palm oil is more efficient in the use of production inputs (nitrogen fertilizers, phosphate fertilizers, pesticides/herbicides, and energy) and more eco-friendly because the pollution/residual water/soil and GHG emissions into the air are lower.