JOURNAL MONITOR VOL.2 NO.21 PARTNERSHIP CREATES A REVOLUTION OF SMALLHOLDER OIL PALM PLANTATION

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  • Indonesian
The policy of developing partnerships in oil palm plantations has succeeded in opening up access for smallholders to enter the oil palm plantation business. It is even able to create a revolution in smallholder oil palm plantations, where their share reaches 41 percent of the total area of ​​national oil palm plantations. Not only that, the revolutionary development of smallholder oil palm plantations can also be seen from their growth rate of increase in palm oil production in the 1980-2000 period and in the 2000-2020 period can exceed the rate of increase in wheat or rice production during the green revolution in 1965-1985.

 

The main actors who brought about the revolution in Indonesian smallholder oil palm plantations were independent smallholders with sel-funded and does not burden the government budget. The revolution in smallholder oil palm plantations is also lifted the lives of 2.5 million farmer’s families or removed around 10 million people from rural poverty so that their welfare has also increased.

However, behind the success of the revolutionary development of smallholder oil palm plantations, they still face various problems such as productivity below potential, legality issues, and sustainable governance. The solutions for these problems are the management of one area of smallholder oil palm plantations and the development of new partnerships, which these solutions must be an important agenda carried out by farmers, their associations, and the government to be implemented immediately. Therefore, it is hoped that this policy will bring smallholder oil palm plantations to a new revolution, namely high productivity and more sustainable governance.

 

Kebijakan pengembangan pola kemitraan pada perkebunan kelapa sawit telah berhasil membuka akses petani untuk memasuki bisnis perkebunan sawit. Bahkan juga mampu menciptakan revolusi perkebunan sawit rakyat, dimana pangsa sawit rakyat mencapai 41 persen dari total luas perkebunan sawit nasional. Tidak hanya itu, perkembangan perkebunan sawit rakyat yang sangat revolusioner juga dapat dilihat dari laju peningkatan produksi minyak sawit dari perkebunan sawit rakyat dalam periode tahun 1980-2000 maupun periode tahun 2000-2020 yang mampu melampaui laju peningkatan produksi gandum atau padi pada masa green revolution dunia tahun 1965-1985.

 

Aktor utama yang membawa perubahan revolusioner dari perkebunan sawit rakyat Indonesia adalah petani sawit swadaya dengan sistem self-financing yang tidak membebani anggaran pemerintah. Revolusi sawit rakyat tersebut juga telah mengangkat kehidupan 2.5 juta keluarga petani atau mengeluarkan sekitar 10 juta orang dari kemiskinan sehingga kesejahterannya juga mengalami peningkatan.

Namun, dibalik keberhasilan perkembangan perkebunan sawit rakyat yang revolusioner tersebut, petani sawit masih menghadapi berbagai masalah seperti produktivitas dibawah potensi, masalah legalitas dan tata kelola berkelanjutan. Penyelesaian permasalahan tersebut maupun kebijakan pengembangan sawit rakyat melalui pengelolaan kebun sawit rakyat sehamparan dan pengembangan kemitraan baru menjadi agenda penting para stakeholder seperti petani, asosiasinya maupun pemerintah untuk segera dilaksanakan. Sehingga diharapkan kebijakan tersebut akan membawa perkebunan kelapa sawit rakyat mencapai revolusi baru yakni produktivitas tinggi dan tata kelola yang lebih berkelanjutan.

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