JOURNAL MONITOR VOL.2 NO.21 PARTNERSHIP CREATES A REVOLUTION OF SMALLHOLDER OIL PALM PLANTATION
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The policy of developing partnerships in oil palm plantations has succeeded in opening up access for smallholders to enter the oil palm plantation business. It is even able to create a revolution in smallholder oil palm plantations, where their share reaches 41 percent of the total area of national oil palm plantations. Not only that, the revolutionary development of smallholder oil palm plantations can also be seen from their growth rate of increase in palm oil production in the 1980-2000 period and in the 2000-2020 period can exceed the rate of increase in wheat or rice production during the green revolution in 1965-1985.
The main actors who brought about the revolution in Indonesian smallholder oil palm plantations were independent smallholders with sel-funded and does not burden the government budget. The revolution in smallholder oil palm plantations is also lifted the lives of 2.5 million farmer’s families or removed around 10 million people from rural poverty so that their welfare has also increased.
However, behind the success of the revolutionary development of smallholder oil palm plantations, they still face various problems such as productivity below potential, legality issues, and sustainable governance. The solutions for these problems are the management of one area of smallholder oil palm plantations and the development of new partnerships, which these solutions must be an important agenda carried out by farmers, their associations, and the government to be implemented immediately. Therefore, it is hoped that this policy will bring smallholder oil palm plantations to a new revolution, namely high productivity and more sustainable governance.