JOURNAL MONITOR EDITION 35 :THE POTENTIAL ECONOMIC VALUE OF PALM OIL WASTE CAN BE ENJOYED BY SMALLHOLDERS

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Indonesian, English

Abstract

  • English
  • Indonesian
Indonesia has obtained great economic benefits from palm oil’s main products, namely crude palm oil (CPO) and palm kernel oil (CPKO). However, in the processing of these two products, there is a by-product that is produced, it is waste in a very large amount, both in solid (biomass) and liquid (POME) form. This was initially considered to have no benefit and economic value, but various studies have revealed many potential uses for these waste. And now, this palm biomass and POME which was previously considered as waste has evolved into various kinds of high economic value products such as energy products, hand craft products, organic fertilizers, wooden furniture, animal feed, palm brown sugar, bioplastics to biodisinfectants.

However, with such a large utilization potential, smallholders have loss some of their economic value. This happens because the Fresh Fruit Bunches (FFB) waste that they produced is located and owned by the Palm Oil Mill (PKS) after it is sold. And FFB’s pricing formula also not including FFB’s waste or oil palm waste component, even though the mill enjoys the economic value of the waste.

In addition, the utilization of FFB waste in mill can also be done through cooperation or partnerships between smallholders and palm oil mills. Through this partnership, an agreement was made where smallholder farmers could receive or use part of the waste in the palm oil mil to be applied to their plantations. Thus the benefits and economic value of oil palm waste can be enjoyed by smallholders.

 

Indonesia telah memperoleh manfaat ekonomi yang besar dari produk utama kelapa sawit berupa minyak sawit mentah (CPO) dan minyak inti sawit (CPKO). Namun dalam proses pengolahan kedua produk tersebut, terdapat produk sampingan yang dihasilkan yaitu limbah dengan jumlah yang sangat besar baik dalam bentuk padat (biomassa) maupun cair (POME). Limbah (dan biomassa) ini pada awalnya dianggap tidak memiliki manfaat dan nilai eknomi, namun berbagai penelitian mengungkap banyak potensi pemanfaatan limbah – limbah tersebut. Dan saat ini biomassa sawit yang dulu dianggap sebagai limbah telah berevolusi menjadi berbagai macam produk bernilai ekonomi tinggi seperti produk energi, produk hand craft, pupuk organik, furniture, pakan ternak, gula merah sawit, bioplastik hingga biodisinfektan.

Namun, besarnya potensi nilai guna dan nilai ekonomi yang terkandung dalam limbah/biomassa sawit tersebut tidak bisa dinikmati sepenuhnya oleh petani sawit rakyat. Hal ini dikarenakan karena limbah hasil pengolahan Tandan Buah Segar (TBS) berada dan dimiliki oleh Pabrik Kelapa Sawit (PKS) setelah dijual. Berdasarkan formula penetapan harga TBS, komponen limbah sawit ini tidak dimasukkan dalam formulasi perhitungan padahal PKS menikmati nilai ekonomi limbah tersebut.

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