JOURNAL MONITOR VOL.2 NO.22 STRATEGIES FOR INDUSTRIALIZATION AND INCREASING PRODUCTIVITY OF OIL PALM PLANTATIONS
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Increasing productivity is a solution to maintain the existence of the national palm oil industry in the future, increase competitiveness to meet sustainable aspects, and become an answer of issues related to deforestation. The strategy to increase palm oil productivity also shows that there is an improvement of industrilization process from the factor-driven and upgrade to the capital-driven and innovation-driven.
Opportunities to increase the productivity of national oil palm plantations are still wide open, given the large gap in actual productivity with the potential. Strategies that can be used to increase productivity can be done in two ways, namely increasing partial productivity (improving technical culture according to GAP) and increasing total productivity (replanting). These two strategies can be done by adjusting certain goals, the partial productivity strategy for immature and mature oil palm plantations while the total productivity strategy for old oil palm plantations.
If the S1 and S2 strategies are carried out simultaneously (combined) and consistently, the average national palm oil productivity is expected to reach at least 6 tons of oil per hectare before 2050. With area of national oil palm plantation remains 16.3 million hectares, the palm oil production volume will reach 97.8 million hectares or double the production in 2018.