Palm oil consumption may lead to diabetes.

Konsumsi minyak sawit dapat menimbulkan diabetes.

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In the past few years there has been a debate over whether the consumption of vegetable oils causes obesity and therefore has the potential to cause diabetes. Research by experts on health and nutrition on the relation of palm oil consumption to diabetes is still limited because of uncommon incidents.

Cases of diabetes are related to insulin secretion, which is essential for blood sugar metabolism. Some existing research shows that the consumption of palm oil has no impact on insulin secretion and therefore is not a cause of diabetes and it even tends to reduce diabetes cases. Sundram, et al., (2007), Peairs, et al., (2011) and Filippou, et al., (2014) found that the consumption of palm oil does not affect the secretion function of insulin, nor the level of blood glucose. On top of that, Bovet, et al., (2009) revealed that lowering the intake of palm oil will actually increase cases of diabetes.

An interesting finding is that the consumption of both fully hydrogenated soybean oil and partially hydrogenated soybean oil hampers the production of insulin glands, increases the level of blood glucose and lowers HDL cholesterol (Sundram, et al., 2007).

It is clear that the consumption of palm oil as a food product has no effect on insulin secretion and diabetes. On the contrary, the consumption of hydrogenated soybean oil actually hampers the production of insulin and therefore has the potential to increase the cases of diabetes.

Dalam beberapa tahun terakhir memang berkembang isu bahwa konsumsi minyak nabati dapat menyebabkan obesitas sehingga berpotensi menimbulkan diabetes. Penelitian tentang pengaruh konsumsi minyak sawit terhadap diabetes sampai saat sangat terbatas dilakukan para ahli gizi dan kesehatan karena kasus tentang hal tersebut jarang ditemukan.

Kasus diabetes terkait dengan sekresi insulin yang sangat penting dalam metabolisme gula darah. Beberapa peneliti yang ada menunjukkan bahwa konsumsi minyak sawit tidak mempengaruhi sekresi insulin sehingga tidak menimbulkan diabetes bahkan cenderung menurunkan kasus diabetes. Sundram, et al (2007); Peairs, et al (2011); dan Filippou, et al., (2014) menemukan bahwa konsumsi minyak sawit tidak mempengaruhi laju aktivitas/fungsi (sekresi) insulin maupun kadar glukosa darah. Bahkan Bovet, et al., (2009) mengungkapkan bahwa penurunan konsumsi minyak sawit justru meningkatkan kasus diabetes.

Hal yang menarik adalah bahwa konsumsi minyak kedelai hidrogenisasi penuh (fully hydrogenated soybean oil) maupun hidrogenisasi parsial (partially hydrogenated soybean oil) justru menghambat produksi kelenjar insulin, meningkatkan kadar glukosa darah dan menurunkan HDL kolesterol (Sundram et al., 2007).

Dengan demikian sangat jelas bahwa konsumsi minyak sawit sebagai bahan makanan tidak mempengaruhi sekresi insulin maupun diabetes. Sebaliknya konsumsi minyak kedelai yang mengalami hidrogenisasi justru menghambat produksi insulin sehingga berpotensi meningkatkan kasus diabetes.

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